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A history of civil war in the united states of america

The trouble began due to a major difference in political opinion between the slaves states and the free states, according to an article on the American Battlefield Trust website: The Lincoln administration and the government of the United States of America refused to recognize the legitimacy of secession or the authority of the Confederate States of America. As a result, the Confederates opened fire on the fort on April 12, 1861 and captured it.

On May 3, Lincoln then put out another call for 42,034 United States Volunteers to serve as infantry and cavalry for three years as well as for 18,000 seamen to serve in the navy. In addition, Lincoln called for an increase of the Regular Army by adding 22,714 officers and enlisted men. What Happened During the Civil War?

  1. July 13-16, 1863 - Anti-draft riots in New York City include arson and the murder of blacks by poor immigrant whites.
  2. Lee Surrenders — April 9, 1865.
  3. Within forty-eight hours of President Abraham Lincoln's call for volunteers in April 1861, two Ohio infantry regiments already had departed for Washington, DC. Radical reformers sought to abolish slavery and eliminate racial and gender discrimination and create ideal communities as models for a better world.

In 1861, a Union naval blockade was established along the Southern coastline and then, in March of 1862, the Union launched a campaign to seize control of the Mississippi River, which ran down the middle of the Confederate States of America, in an effort to split the Confederacy in two.

Dubbed the Anaconda Plan, the idea was to put an economic stranglehold on the Confederacy to isolate it from all sources of supply and allow for growth of anti-secessionist sentiments.

  • Some political opponents also feared that President Lincoln intended to free the slaves;
  • By some strange operation of magic I seem to have become the power of the land;
  • This resulted in even bigger and bloodier battles, such as Antietam in Maryland, Gettysburg in Pennsylvania and Vicksburg in Mississippi, but the plan backfired when the Confederates suffered heavy losses, particularly at Gettysburg which was the deadliest of these battles and is considered a major turning point in the Civil War;
  • In addition, you will read about the Native Americans and Mexicans who lived in the trans-Mississippi West; about the exploration of the Far West and the forces that drove traders, missionaries, and pioneers westward; and the way that United States acquired Texas , the Great Southwest, and the Pacific Northwest by annexation, negotiation, and war;
  • Engraving of the Battle The Monitor at dock, showing damage from the battle.

Knowing the South lacked the industry to sustain a long war, the Confederates began to aggressively counterattack in 1862 and again in 1863, hoping to damage morale in the North and increase pressure on Lincoln and the U. This resulted in even bigger and bloodier battles, such as Antietam in Maryland, Gettysburg in Pennsylvania and Vicksburg in Mississippi, but the plan backfired when the Confederates suffered heavy losses, particularly at Gettysburg which was the deadliest of these battles and is considered a major turning point in the Civil War.

By this time, the goals of the war had changed and become grander and loftier, according to an article on the American Battlefield Trust website: This strategy is what prompted Lincoln to promote like-minded Ulysses S.

  1. Sherman captured Atlanta, Georgia, in the fall of 1864, and then embarked upon his "March to the Sea. Grant to the position of Lieutenant-General in March of 1864, naming him General-in-chief of the Armies of the United States in the process.
  2. Ohioans played an important role in the war effort.
  3. Landscape painting also proved popular.
  4. The president is then pressured to relieve Grant but resists. The trouble began due to a major difference in political opinion between the slaves states and the free states, according to an article on the American Battlefield Trust website.
  5. February 6, 1862 - Victory for Gen. In addition, the antebellum era saw a great surge in collective efforts to improve society through reform.

Grant to the position of Lieutenant-General in March of 1864, naming him General-in-chief of the Armies of the United States in the process. How Did the Civil War End?

History of the American Civil War

With Grant in charge, the Union Army began to fight the Confederates more aggressively. In 1864, General William Tecumseh Sherman led his troops on his famous March to the Sea, capturing and destroying anything they came across, which further deprived the Confederates of the food and supplies they so desperately needed. Lee and his army in Northern Virginia.

  • McClellan is not impressed, saying Lee is "likely to be timid and irresolute in action;
  • Many white Ohioans also believed that African Americans were inferior to whites;
  • Some political opponents also feared that President Lincoln intended to free the slaves;
  • Johnston 's Army attacks McClellan's troops in front of Richmond and nearly defeats them.

The Civil War finally came to an end after Lee and his Army of Northern Virginia became trapped by invading Union forces in Appomattox county, Va and were forced to surrender.

This prompted similar surrenders by remaining Confederate troops across the South, which finally brought the Civil War to a close.

  • Radical reformers sought to abolish slavery and eliminate racial and gender discrimination and create ideal communities as models for a better world;
  • England, the leading world power, demands their release, threatening war;
  • Ruins of the Stone Bridge over which Northern forces retreated until it was blown up by a Rebel shell adding to the panic of the retreat, with the Federals returning to Washington as "a rain-soaked mob.

Lee Surrenders — April 9, 1865. Proclamation 83 — Increasing the Size of the Army and Navy.

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