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An argument against paying the reparations to african americans

Reparations for Slavery Reading Reparations for Slavery? Today, even after the success of the civil rights movement, the black American population on average has higher infant-mortality rates, lower life expectancy, higher rates of unemployment, lower income, and higher rates of imprisonment than the white population.

Some argue that these problems are the "legacy of slavery" brought on by society's discrimination and racism. Are the conditions really a "legacy of slavery"?

  • About the same time, a conference of black state legislators meeting in New Orleans backed the idea of a federally financed education fund for descendants of slaves;
  • One bill introduced into the U.

If so, what should be done? Some African-Americans argue today for reparations--a sort of compensation for the free labor blacks were forced to render during years of slavery. The Idea of Reparations Reparations for the slavery is not a new idea.

He wanted 40 acres and the loan of an Army mule set aside for each former slave family.

  • Why should their descendants owe a debt?
  • Fair methods can be worked out once society acknowledges its obligation to provide reparations in the first place.

This order was never carried out. After the war, Radical Republicans in Congress passed laws requiring confiscation of former-Confederate property to provide the ex-slaves with "40 acres and a mule. The next push for reparations took place at the turn of the century. Several black organizations lobbied Congress to provide pensions for former slaves and their children.

  1. Reparations will not promote dependency.
  2. Birth survival rates exceeded that of poor whites and were twice that of Africa in the same era[ citation needed ].
  3. Some African-Americans argue today for reparations--a sort of compensation for the free labor blacks were forced to render during 250 years of slavery. This order was never carried out.
  4. During the s, some black leaders revived the idea of reparations.

One bill introduced into the U. This, and several similar bills, died in congressional committees. The pension movement itself faded away with the onset of World War I. During the s, some black leaders revived the idea of reparations. Black nationalist organizations, such as the Black Panther Party and Black Muslims, also demanded reparations.

In the s, a new call arose for black reparations. It was stimulated by two other movements that successfully secured payments from the U. About the same time, a conference of black state legislators meeting in New Orleans backed the idea of a federally financed education fund for descendants of slaves.

D-MI drafted a bill calling for the establishment of a congressional commission to study the impact of slavery on African-Americans. The Conyers Bill Rep.

Conyers introduced his bill HR in November The preamble of the bill declared its purpose: To acknowledge the fundamental injustice, cruelty, brutality and inhumanity of slavery in the United States and the 13 American colonies between and and to establish a Commission to examine the institution of slavery, subsequent de jure and de facto and economic discrimination against African-Americans, and the impact of these forces on living African-Americans, to make recommendations to the Congress on appropriate remedies, and for other purposes.

This bill failed to make it to a House vote, but Conyers did not give up. In every session of Congress since then, he has introduced new legislation to establish a commission to study the issue and make recommendations to Congress.

Aired Tuesday, May 10

While none has succeeded, Conyers vows to keep trying. Throughout the years, people have proposed different reparation plans. Some, like Robert Brock, a Los Angeles campaigner for reparations, argued for direct payments to descendants of slaves.

Daniels argued in an editorial that "America must own up to its responsibility to make a damaged people whole again.

They believe that government could satisfy the call for reparations by a variety of means, including land, ownership of companies, stock, money, and aircraft. The group also calls for a method of self-government for American blacks to give them autonomy. Just as advocates are not unanimous about the form of reparations, neither are they united on the amount. Others, like N'COBRA, believe a final amount cannot be determined until more study has been done to determine the harm slavery has caused blacks.

  1. Reparations would be too expensive, depriving the country of the opportunity to fix the Social Security and Medicare systems and meet other budget needs that benefit all Americans. Reconstruction came to an end in without the issue of reparations having been addressed.
  2. The problems faced by African Americans today are not the "legacy of slavery" or even racism. They believe that government could satisfy the call for reparations by a variety of means, including land, ownership of companies, stock, money, and aircraft.
  3. One bill introduced into the U.
  4. Another legal argument against reparations for slavery from a legal standpoint as opposed to a moral standpoint is that the statute of limitations for filing lawsuits has long since passed. Various estimates have been given if such payments were to be made.

But they suggest the total amount could be in the "trillions. Major arguments against reparations include: There are no black slaves living today.

Slavery ended more than years ago at the cost of several hundred thousand lives lost in the Civil War. It is unfair to ask American taxpayers, many of them from families that came to the United States after slavery ended, to pay for the wrongs of slavery. The problems faced by African Americans today are not the "legacy of slavery" or even racism.

Many blacks have succeeded very well in American society. The problems of poor African Americans are caused by social ills within the inner city, such as the breakdown of families, high crime rates, and dependence on welfare.

Federal and state governments have already spent billions of dollars on social programs such as welfare, subsidized housing, health care, employment development, affirmative action, and education. These programs have benefitted African Americans.

African Americans, particularly the young, need to overcome their problems through their own efforts and not depend on more government handouts and benefits.

Reparations would be too expensive, depriving the country of the opportunity to fix the Social Security and Medicare systems and meet other budget needs that benefit all Americans. Any reparation plan would lead to unfairness and huge administrative costs. Who would receive reparations?

Would well-off African Americans receive payments?

Reparations for slavery debate in the United States

If a fund were set up, who would administer it? Would those unhappy with the plan call for even more reparations or file lawsuits? Advocates for reparations reject these arguments. The claim for reparations is not against white Americans or even individual Americans. It is a claim against American government and society, which has continued from the time of slavery.

Aired Tuesday, May 10

As all members of society share in society's benefits, they also must share the burdens in the form of taxation. Through slavery, African Americans were terribly wronged and modern blacks were robbed of their inheritance. Further, blacks face racism every day. They deserve to be compensated. The problems faced by many blacks today come from slavery and society's ongoing racism. Blacks were uprooted from their homes in Africa and brutalized in America by a system that destroyed the family structure and degraded the individual.

When slavery ended, African Americans owned nothing. Isolated and discriminated against, they were denied education, contacts with society, and economic opportunity. Compared to whites, blacks remain in a disadvantaged position and will remain so until they receive compensation and society's racism ends. Welfare, subsidized housing, affirmative action, and other previous efforts to address socio-economic problems of the black underclass have been too little and too late.

They failed because society has failed to come to grips with the central problem--its own racism and discrimination. In some cases, social programs, though well-intentioned, actually increased black isolation and further degraded the black community.

In addition, these programs benefitted other groups, not just blacks. By doing so, they failed to address the unique claims based on slavery that African-Americans have. Reparations will not promote dependency. Instead, they will give individual African Americans and the community as a whole a chance to create their own economic base and become self-reliant.

The cost of reparations may be great, but a debt is owed and must be paid. The moral claim for reparations at least equals that of any other government program.

  • The pension movement itself faded away with the onset of World War I;
  • Various estimates have been given if such payments were to be made.

America is a rich country, and if the will exists, the money can be found. Just as it is too early to decide how much is due in reparations, it is too early to agree on how to distribute the reparations. Fair methods can be worked out once society acknowledges its obligation to provide reparations in the first place.

While it is unclear whether those advocating reparations for slavery ever will be successful, it is likely the debate will go on. Points of Inquiry After the passage of the 13th Amendment following the Civil War, should the former slaves have been granted reparations? How are reparations for black slavery similar and different from the following: Do you agree or disagree that many problems faced today by the African-American community are the "legacy of slavery"?

Why or why not?