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Health 7 social care l3 unit 7 p3 m2 d1

Assess the biomedical and socio-medical models of health In this assignment, I will be explaining the different sociological approach of each perspective and how they approach health and ill-health. Health and ill-health or even the nutritional influence within health and ill-health test the interaction that comes between health and society. They also believe that ill-health is a role that needs to be played by those who are sick which is known as the sick role.

People who are sick play a specific part in society. Sick people are believed to have the responsibility of doing everything necessary for them to get better so they can go back to work and fulfil their responsibilities they have towards society. Without sick people, many people would be jobless such as doctors, nurses and there would be no health care system. Ill people are also believed to deviate from the norms of society.

Postmodernist Postmodernists believe that ill-health is a growing concern in postmodern societies. This theory advises people to think about new ways of accessing health and social care services and should also think about trying out non-traditional options e. Health care professionals come under so much criticism. People postmodernist explains to us that people are starting to challenge the views of health and ill-health.

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Due to the amount of information people have access to, people are starting to become more confused than ever. They make sure that the capitalist society has people working for them and that they play a big role in people going back to work. Marxist argues that some companies contribute to ill-health such as oil companies, companies that produce alcohol and cigarettes.

  • Health professionals and patients decide how ill a person is whether they should be signed of work e;
  • The New Right perspective believes that every individual is responsible for their life;
  • The New Right perspective believes that every individual is responsible for their life;
  • In this assignment, I have explained the different patterns and trends of ill-health in different social groupings.

This theory says that both health and ill-health has to be looked at as a social class problem that has to do with social inequality of classes. The Marxist theory believes that upper class people enjoy better health and longer life expectancy than those of the working class. Unlike the functionalist theory that believes that ill-health happens randomly, Marxist believes that ill-health is caused by social classes. One example is that there are higher levels of ill-health and lower life expectancy for those living in poor conditions, in poor areas and low income.

Feminist The feminist theory believes that males have dominated the medical profession. This has in many ways affected women because their issues are not considered necessary or relevant. Female issues are known and considered as a medical problem, for instance pregnancy is considered as a medical problem rather than a natural process and a gift.

Feminist believes that believe this is the main cause for stress, depression, anxiety than women face. Interactionism This theory is highly criticised because it focuses more on social relationships rather than health and ill-health which may include causes and factors that lead to ill-health such as pollution and poverty.

Health professionals and patients decide how ill a person is whether they should be signed of work e. The main objective of the interactionist is to study health, the impact of it and the consequences that ill-health may have on an individual.

Case Study Martin is 43 years old and has been working as a builder for the past 18 years. He recently had an accident in which he fell from a ladder and suffered a broken leg as well as multiple internal injuries. As a result, his doctor has stated that he cannot return to work.

This has caused Martin to lose his job as well as his confidence and self-esteem. Martin has turned to drinking large amounts of alcohol and smoking cigarettes as a way of coping with his job loss.

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His wife Angela works as a domestic cleaner and suffers from anxiety health 7 social care l3 unit 7 p3 m2 d1 depression. The family live in a two bedroom flat on a local council estate which is known for having a high crime rate; the flat is damp and very cold in the winter. Angela is finding it difficult to cope with her long hours at work and is now suffering from asthma and bronchitis, which she developed from living in the damp flat.

She is also suffering from anxiety and depression. Martin had an accident at work by falling down from a ladder. As Marxist explains, people who come from a lower class social group are more likely to work jobs with higher risk of accidents and injuries.

Marxist argues that the government does not do much to help those from the lower class to have a safer working environment. Martin has not come to term with the fact that he will not be able to work again, hence they reason why he is smoking and drinking. Marxist believes that doctors only serve for the interest of upper-class and they get to make the final decision on whether someone can go back to work or not.

Martin is not getting better because of his bad habits. Damp is known to cause asthma and bronchitis with are both serious health condition and have no cure. Social factors that have contributed to their lives have causes them ill-health. Low income, poor housing and living in an area with high crime rates is definitely the cause for ill-health.

Upper-class people live better lifestyles and are able to work until they reach a really old age. The New Right perspective believes that every individual is responsible for their life. This means that you should pay for your health care needs and everything else.

  • As Marxist explains, people who come from a lower class social group are more likely to work jobs with higher risk of accidents and injuries;
  • These two both fit into the Marxist and the feminism perspectives;
  • One example is that there are higher levels of ill-health and lower life expectancy for those living in poor conditions, in poor areas and low income;
  • Both socio-medical and biomedical models are having a big impact on her life;
  • Case Study Martin is 43 years old and has been working as a builder for the past 18 years;
  • Gender Different genders experience difference in ill health.

The state should take the responsibility for the homes that they provide. The state is responsible for making sure they get rid of damp due to the health risks but Angela and Martin also have the responsibility for sharing that information and taking responsibility for their home.

Angela is most likely at risk of being exploited because of her social class and her gender. Angela is suffering from a health condition and on top of that she is working long hours and her husband is out of work. Her doctor is prescribing her stronger medication. She is living in a world of danger. She is at risk of violence when she leaves the house because of her environmental surroundings.

Marxist would say that her social class status is the main reason why she is facing all these difficulties. Both socio-medical and biomedical models are having a big impact on her life. In conclusion, I have explained how different sociological perspective approach health and ill-health and what they think should happen or what the causes of them are. However, I have also assesses the socio-medical and the biomedical models and written about how different perspectives relate to them.

Explain patterns and trends in health and health 7 social care l3 unit 7 p3 m2 d1 among different social groupings.

In this assignment, I will be explaining the patterns and the trends in health and illness in all the different social health 7 social care l3 unit 7 p3 m2 d1. Gender The mortality rates of both genders have decreased since the 19th century. Women generally have a longer life expectancy than men. Life expectancy for both genders varies from city to city, country to country and more.

Geographical variations and changes in rapid changes between the life expectancy of gender show the importance of social environment in creating social inequalities in health. Ethnicity Different ethnic groups have different needs. Different ethnic groups such as Irish or eastern European people are likely to undertake more risky physical labour jobs, low status, and that means they are at risk of higher levels of injury, occupational disease and ill-health. Age Old age is commonly seen as a life stage that is associated with physical illness and mental illness and this is quite true.

Locality Statistics have shown that the mortality and morbidity rates vary between regions. The morbidity and mortality rates are higher in poorer areas of the country. In Scotland and the Northern-East of England, they have a higher rate of mortality rates than the south-east.

The poorer London boroughs have higher morbidity rates. It all depends on the area that you live in. Social Class The Black Report mainly focused on social class. The report stated that the upper class and the middle class both had a better quality of living that the lower class people. This means that these social groups had better health and longer life expectancy that the lower class. People from the lower class have less healthy lifestyles such as unhealthy food because the healthy foods are expensive.

On the other hand, middle and upper class people live a healthier life style because they are able to afford it. This is one reason why they live longer that lower class people. In this assignment, I have explained the different patterns and trends of ill-health in different social groupings. I have given examples of how these patterns can affect our health. Evaluate different sociological explanations for patterns and trends of health and illness in two different social groups.

In this assignment, I will be using different sociological perspectives to discuss patterns and trends of health and illness in two different social groups. These two both fit into the Marxist and the feminism perspectives. I will be explaining the patterns and trends of health and ill health in these two groups.

Unit 7: Sociological Perspectives for health and social care

Social Class Social class is a division within society based on economic and social status. People from upper and middle class enjoy a better life style than lower class people. Lower class people have more ill health problems than the upper class. Lower class people tend to smoke, drink alcohol substances, do less exercise and eat junk food more than upper class people. There poor life style choices eventually leads to chronic illnesses, heart disease, cancer diabetes, bronchitis, asthma and many more.

They have a shorter life expectancy because of all the behavioural factors. Due to the shorter life expectancy and poor living standards, the rates of infant mortality and ill health is at high levels. The Black Report said that poverty and poor community is the result of poor health and shorter life expectancy. Marxist believes that lower class people are living a false class consciousness.

He believes that the upper class people enjoy better health than lower class. Gender Different genders experience difference in ill health. Women have a much longer life expectancy than men. There are many reasons for why women live longer. Women are more likely to go to the doctors whereas men are very hesitant. This could result in men detecting their health problems at a later stage which could cause health risks.

The reason why women go to the doctors more often than men is due to the many illnesses and sicknesses they experience such as anxiety and depression.