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Lenin and stalin s attempt to improve

Socialism had not begun on a good note, and Vladimir Lenin was becoming concerned with the unfortunate state of the economy. His response to the poor economy he adopted and how he planned to improve it was called the New Economic Policy, or the N. However, some socialists believe it may have gone too far with its free-market economic style and possibly could have lead the Soviet Union into permanently possessing a capitalist economy, which would have destroyed the socialist priority.

The original plan, however, was to have capitalism in place until the economy was strong enough to achieve socialism. Before the Revolution, there were basically only three classes of people: Peasants, Nobles, and Romanovs.

Although certain reforms had been made, the peasants were still treated poorly and taken advantage of by the nobles. Right away, when the Bolsheviks seized powerLenin underestimated the problems within the country, not only economically but socially as well.

Within the first few months following the Revolution, all that could be changed was changed Lenin, 5.

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The most profound of the changes to be made in those first months of the Soviet Union was the taking of private property from the capitalists: Lenin made the mistake of taking what was the current government and its people and diving right into full-blown Communism, not realizing that they all were economically unequipped for such a conversion just yet Caplan.

Along with this, the unemployment rate sky-rocketed. Forced-labor policies were also set into place forcing both civilian and military persons to provide service to the state. Eventually the Bolsheviks came to realize that Russia was beginning to drown underneath this War Communism from a whole host of circumstances, such as famine, lack of resources, and disease due to malnutrition.

The produce which was collected would go directly to the State and then be distributed to the rest of the country, in order to ensure that everyone had food.

Life in USSR under Stalin

It seemed like a valid system, theoretically. However, once it was put into practice, the country soon faced a famine due to the fact that there were too many people and not enough food. The government was helpless to fix this. The Tax In Kind policy, which would replace the surplus-food appropriation system with a fixed tax which the peasants would be informed of ahead of timehowever, was meant to ease the burdens which War Communism had placed on the peasants and, therefore, improve their motivation to work.

  1. Indeed there was a validated fear of the possibility of the Capitalists taking over and reverting, once again, back to an Imperialist government and economy.
  2. Everybody had to live in a state-owned houses and work on the state-owned land.
  3. The 16th Party Congress, packed by Stalin, approved the maximum version.

During the 2nd Congress of the Political Education Departments in October 1921 Vladimir Lenin began discussing the New Economic Policy and the need for its immediate application, due to the devastating effects of War Communism.

It was concluded that the mistake was made when the Bolsheviks decided to resort right to Communism within the first months of victory, although the goal was to use capitalism as a kind of bridge between the petty bourgeoisie economic policy and the Communist economic policy.

  1. Thus, while the Soviet government officially condemned anti-semitism, it aimed at eradicating the Jewish faith. We can, however, accept the following figures for 1939 as more or less valid.
  2. There was a reason for this. The western allies handed over many Russian civilians.
  3. Both men of action as well as of thought, they have exemplified in their activities that coordination of theory and practice which is so indispensable to the success of the every-day struggles of the masses and the final establishment of socialism.

However, that was not the case and as a result Russia experienced acute food shortages, which lead to malnutrition, disease, and death; therefore effecting the working class and peasantry, therefore having a dire effect on Russia altogether. It definitely would not be a permanent thing, but just a way of relieving Russia from the burdens which War Communism had produced and, instead, replacing the procedures of food requisitioning and nationalization of agricultural land with a sort of free-market economy with the allowance of private business.

Basically it would be a combination of the capitalist economy and the communist politics. Lenin believed that capitalism would lead to Imperialism, which is the entity which they had only just eliminated.

Lenin and Stalin as Mass Leaders

Aside from the Socialist twist, the New Economic Policy was intended for the Lenin and stalin s attempt to improve Union to experience a temporary taste of capitalism in order to improve the economy so as to successfully introduce Communism. The New Economic Policy meant restoring capitalism considerably. As mentioned previously, the food appropriation system and food requisitioning policy would be abolished. In return, the peasants would be allowed to sell freely for profit that which they had left over after the tax had been collected that tax would be small and affordable.

The plan of action would be to rebuild and reopen factories which had been left in ruin during the years of War Communism and have the proletariat class re-employed in these factories, which, it was decided, would produce products which could be bought and sold and were useful, those which would improve life and improve the State. As Lenin remarks on this the factories would would be engaged in the production of socially useful materials.

Indeed there was a validated fear of the possibility of the Capitalists taking over and reverting, once again, back to an Imperialist government and economy. There were two options, according to Lenin: Either the capitalists take over and drive out the Communists or capitalism is utilized by the proletariats and the peasants, while submitting and serving the State Lenin, 66.

There was always the chance that if capitalism overthrew Communism and became the dominant cause there could be, once again, the same old regime that was in previously in power, which would mean that all of the hard work of Lenin and his Party would have gone to waste and, in fact, would be to blame for the fall of Communism and the technically welcoming of the oppressive Imperialism, once again. Either way, there was a great amount of trust and faith in which the State would be putting into its people.

There was an underlying fear, as mentioned before, that capitalism would become too powerful and take over the Communist party and that was, of course, taken into consideration. The Soviet people were now expected to not only defend the Bolsheviks and the Communist Party, but defend the cause of Communism as well.

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They were expected to withhold Communist values and fight against the capitalists should they cause an uprising or be deemed as dangerous to the cause. To further ensure that this would not become a problem, the Soviet government discussed many tactics which would be applied in order to keep capitalism under control.

Although it is obvious, through deep analysis of his documents and the strong expression of his beliefs in Communism and against Imperialism and capitalism, it would seem to some that there was an almost paranoid anxiety of the capitalists.

An example of this paranoia is when he is speaking about how the Soviet people will now have to work side by side with the capitalists, and how they will be hard to pick out of a crowd. Immediately the New Economic Policy was abandoned; this would prove to be both good and bad. In a way, N. The peasants were meeting the expectations of the government therefore, not complying with their part of the agreement on the conditions of the free-market style of economy which meant that although progress had been made in comparison to the desperity of the days of War Communism, not enough progress was made.

Lenin

P had to go! The New Economic Policy was cleverly created curing a time of dire economic failure, famine, and unemployment. The mistake was made in transitioning straight from Imperialism to Communism, which, according to the basic economic and social laws, cannot happen.

As a result, a new approach was made which incorporated the collective effort, capitalism, and service to the State all in one.

Lenin

Through his New Economic Policy, we are not only able to get a glimpse into what could have been, but we also gain more of an understanding of the devotion, passion, discipline, and, almost, obsession, with the State, its well-being, and, most importantly, the Soviet People. One has to wonder, however: The New Economic Policy had only three years to develop. What if Lenin were to have lived longer, thus keeping alive the system of capitalism under Communism?

  • This theoretical weakness hinders the working class from developing the necessary class consciousness; it affects adversely all phases of its strategy, organization and struggle;
  • His response to the poor economy he adopted and how he planned to improve it was called the New Economic Policy, or the N;
  • Stalin has also led the Party in that basic aspect of social organization, the elaboration and crystallization of growing socialist democracy.

This is something that is debated and questioned to this day. Devout Leninists would be obliged, even more than willing, to claim that had Lenin lived perhaps a decade longer the New Economic Policy, among many other things, would have thrived and perhaps the minor fallacies would have been corrected. Vladimir Lenin believed that, after having experienced the consequences of instant Communism, a stable, successful economy would be harvested with time, the length of which was unknown and had no limit.

Meyer, Communism New York: Random House, 198436-48. Randall, PhD New York: Lenin, Selected Works Vol. Progress Publishers, 1965133, 214, 366-367. David Skvirsky and George Hanna Moscow: Progress Publishers, 196621-25, 60-66. Riasanovsky and Mark D. Oxford University Press, 2005484-485. What it was and how it Changed the Soviet Union.

Lenin's New Economic Policy: