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Visions of reality through madness in king lear by william shakespeare

The work aims to identify the lyrical beginning in Shakespeare's dramas and to discover the lyrical aspects in "King Lear" tragedy. Shakespeare, "King Lear", lyrical tragedy, lyricism in drama, lyrical aspects, lyrical colorism.

This drama has about 15 translations and interoperations in Russian, and we assume that the interest of translators and poets to this tragedy may be caused by its special emotionality and its heightened lyrical content.

Belinsky who had mentioned that tragedies of Shakespeare have a special lyricism. Belinsky formed the basis for all further studies of Shakespeare in Russia and all the later interpretations of it in scientific and theater criticism. Levin who had explained the role of the famous article by L. Tolstoy and started the study of a lyrical colorism in the works of Shakespeare.

Levin has pointed out that Shakespeare does not exist outside of the poetry. Shvedov said that Shakespeare is a poet and a thinker. These scientists were the first to note the special lyricism inherent to Shakespeare's tragedies. It is important to understand the difference between the concepts of "poetry" and "lyrics".

  • Through the madness Lear overcomes himself, discovers the truth and rebirths;
  • All means of the lyrical expressions discovered by scientists in Shakespeare's dramas, irrefutably confirm the fact that he was not only a great playwright, but also a poet, and not just a poet but also a lyricist;
  • Derek Jacobi in the 1980 BBC version of Hamlet plays him as "a mentally unstable man, one who not only trips from a state of clarity to a state of insanity and back again in the flash of a moment, but one who yet knows that this is happening to him;
  • Shakespeare, "King Lear", lyrical tragedy, lyricism in drama, lyrical aspects, lyrical colorism;
  • By contrast, Macbeth is example of a man of keen but undisciplined instincts who lets his mind be overwhelmed at the prompting of perceived supernatural instruction, leading him to addiction for blood and power , insomnia, paranoia, and hallucinations;
  • To a lesser degree, we can also see Iago's psychopathy evolving, but that's through his own report.

In general, the poetry relates to literary and artistic works in verse or prose this interpretation is used in this article. To a certain extent it can be called poetry and art. We can compress all the characteristics and interpretation of the terms "poetry" and "poetic language", concluding in general that broad sense poetry is a work of fiction, written in poetic language in verse or prose.

Stepanov gives specific interpretation, he says that lyric is a way or a method of understanding the world in the individual perception of a poet [2].

  1. Macbeth to me is no different than anybody wishing to be CEO of their company or a third-stringer desiring to be a Hall of Fame quarterback—that doesn't mean he is predisposed to killing the starter and putting the blame on the other quarterbacks ahead of him in the depth chart. In her one moment popularly attributed to "madness," she is sleepwalking and having a nightmare.
  2. Shvedov said that Shakespeare is a poet and a thinker.
  3. In one scene, the four actresses playing Ophelia parade in a square, and sudden jarring noises cause them to convulse.
  4. A storm in which he falls, the Jester he talks to and the mad Tom are very important, the most significant words in the tragedy belong to their frantic monologues and dialogues. Ignoring the "hereafter" portion of the prophecy, Lady Macbeth interprets the omens as an immediate state, which, perforce, requires killing the king.
  5. A storm in which he falls, the Jester he talks to and the mad Tom are very important, the most significant words in the tragedy belong to their frantic monologues and dialogues.

So, we can say that the lyric is a special kind of poetry that expresses the feelings and emotions, and in a more general sense — it is the collection of works of this type of poetry. Summarizing the works devoted to lyric we may say that lyricism is a complex of stylistic principles that cover both the content and form of the work.

Visions of reality through madness in king lear by william shakespeare

In such works of play-writing the attention focuses on the inner feelings of heroes, the external development of a secondary role events. But as soon as the lyricism appear, it takes the hero from the negative category and gives him a belief for a spiritual rebirth. We also come to a conclusion that unlike all the other Renaissance playwrights, whose comic and tragic works are often intertwined, in Shakespeare's dramas these contradictions are removed, perhaps because of the lyrical comprehension, there is a special connection with the lyrical drama.

Lyrical aspects may also be considered to psychological and emotional characteristics of the tragedy. At this stage, the playwright draws a person being in a situation of conflict with the outside world; person whose worldview is faced with established social ideology departing from traditional notions of class. The experience through which the hero overcomes, generate internal contradictions in his mind and overcoming them, he discovers new horizons and answers to the questions.

Shakespeare shows the inner world of consciousness of the hero, who is in search of truth, the world of his feelings and emotions, his philosophy of life that allows to define this text a psychological. A very important role in the tragedy is given to the madness of Lear. A storm in which he falls, the Jester he talks to and the mad Tom are very important, the most significant words in the tragedy belong to their frantic monologues and dialogues. Through the madness Lear overcomes himself, discovers the truth and rebirths.

Shakespeare deliberately makes his protagonists mad, the same applies to such characters as Mad Tom and the Jester, they both are significant and important. We believe that a great playwright overshadows the mind of his characters for the reason that it raises the mighty stream of lyrical outpourings that is what he does with Lear. And this is why the lyricism reaches its greater or lesser height and depth. Meaterlinck who calls "King Lear" a dramatic poem, the most powerful, exciting, visions of reality through madness in king lear by william shakespeare and extensive of all ever written [5].

The scope of this tragedy is really unstoppable, it is wider and more energetic than any other dramas. It is deep and broad, it is a universal human story, but yet grand in tension effect. Its lyricism is more discreet, more natural, closer to reality, and at the same time hallucinates overflowing.

Maeterlinck's "King Lear" internally is the most lyrical tragedy of all the times. We also consider Shakespeare as an artist capable to compensate any decoration on the scene with a poetic word.

Poetry serves to a playwright as the most effective means to overcome difficulties and to awaken the power of imagination of those who watch the play, it helps to see another world. Lyricism in Shakespeare's drama gives viewers and readers a feeling of life fullness, that raises them to a height from where they can see thing which are unseen in their everyday life. These principles include a special unity of the whole text and its structure, also a specific type of the plot which is wider than others and may be considered as a universal one, a special type of an emotional character and madness of the protagonist through which the lyricism is also expressed in drama considered to a lyrical type.

All means of the lyrical expressions discovered by scientists in Shakespeare's dramas, irrefutably confirm the fact that he was not only a great playwright, but also a poet, and not just a poet but also a lyricist.