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A look into the ethnic group of the kurds

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Pour the boiling water over the mixture and let stand for 30 minutes. Put in a food processor and process for about 20 seconds. Add 1 cup of flour and process again until it is a smooth texture.

You can also work the flour in by hand, if you do not have a food processor. Turn the mixture out onto a well-floured surface and knead it, adding flour as necessary to keep the dough from sticking, for about 3 to 4 minutes.

Cover the dough and let it rest for at least 15 minutes, or up to 3 hours. Place a large baking sheet or two small ones on the bottom rack of the oven, leaving an inch of space between the sheet and the walls of the oven.

After the dough has rested, divide it into 8 pieces and flatten each piece on the well-floured surface. With a rolling pin, roll each piece of dough to a very thin round about 8 to 10 inches in diameter.

Turn the bread over and bake for another minute, or until the bread begins to brown around the edges. For crispier bread, increase baking time until the bread is spotted with brown all over. Wrap the baked bread in a clean kitchen towel to keep warm while rolling out and baking the rest of the dough. Serve warm or at room temperature.

  1. Some urban Kurds work as bricklayers, butchers, cattle dealers, and small traders.
  2. Turkey continued to mount military operations against the PKK, including incursions into northern Iraq. A small minority of Iraqi Kurds, including Yazidis , are not Muslims.
  3. Cover the dough and let it rest for at least 15 minutes, or up to 3 hours.
  4. What followed was one of the most brutal episodes in Kurdish history.

Adapted from Alford, Jeffrey, and Naomi Duguid. When they are, classes are not taught in Kurdish, and so many children find school too difficult and drop out. The Kurdish literacy the ability to read and write rate is very low.

Girls often do not attend school at all. Tradition holds that they are needed at home.

Who are the Iraqi Kurds?

Most popular are epic poems called lawj. These often tell of adventure in love or battle.

Kurdish literature first appeared in the seventh century AD. Almost one hundred years later, in 1695, a great national epic called the Memozin was written in Kurdish by Ahmed Khani.

A look at the Kurds, a stateless nation in a restive region

Traditional music is played on flute, drums, and the ut-ut similar to a guitar. The music of Sivan Perwar, a Kurdish pop music performer, was banned in Turkey and Iraq in the 1980s, so he left the region to live and work in Sweden. They sell products from their flocks such as leather, goat cheese, and wool. Women make carpets and cloth to sell at market.

Some Kurds grow tobacco. Turkish Kurds grow cotton. A few mountain Kurds are still nomadic herders. In towns, Kurds work as shopkeepers, plumbers, teachers, bankers, and so on. Kurds work as unskilled laborers in large Turkish cities, as well as in Baghdad and Mosul in Iraq, and Tehran in Iran.

  1. The government there is less hostile, but it has trouble supporting millions of refugees.
  2. The Turkish state quashed several Kurdish rebellions in the early years of the republic, after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. Some of these areas are now protected by the United Nations UN.
  3. The traditional Kurdish way of life was nomadic , revolving around sheep and goat herding throughout the Mesopotamian plains and the highlands of Turkey and Iran. These three major religious and ethnic groupings in Iraq — Shia Arabs, Sunni Arabs and Sunni Kurds — share certain core religious beliefs.

Some urban Kurds work as bricklayers, butchers, cattle dealers, and small traders. The oil fields in Turkey and Iraq have attracted many Kurdish workers in recent times. Those Kurds who are able to go abroad find a variety of jobs and send the money back home.

Camel-and horse-racing are popular in rural areas. They often sit at tea houses and cafes and play backgammon or dominoes. A favorite pastime is to listen to tapes or live singers at cafes. Singers have only recently been allowed to sing publicly in Kurdish. Other crafts are embroidery, leather-working, and metal ornamentation.

Kurds are especially known for copper-working. Kurds do not currently want an independent state. They only wish to be allowed to maintain their own language and culture.

During the Iran—Iraq War 1980—88the government of Iraq engaged in genocide to stop the Kurds from fighting for Iran.

  • In neighboring Iran, according to our data, Kurds were split about evenly between Sunnis and Shias;
  • The first Kurdish newspaper appeared in 1897 and was published at intervals until 1902.

Thousands of villages were destroyed and tens of thousands of Kurds were murdered and buried in mass graves. The Iraqi government also used nerve gas purchased from European governments against Kurdish civilians and Iranian troops. These horrible attacks killed thousands of civilians. One of the worst massacres occurred in the Iraqi Kurd town of Halabja.

The entire population of the town was killed. After the Persian Gulf War 1991thousands more Kurds were forced into refugee camps. Some of these areas are now protected by the United Nations UN. Many thousands of Kurds have now fled to Iran.

The government there is less hostile, but it has trouble supporting millions of refugees. To make matters worse, there is fighting even among Kurds. Two rival Kurdish groups have fought small wars over who truly represents the Kurdish people. Meanwhile, the Kurdish civilians continue to suffer. Bulloch, John, and Harvey Morris. No Friends But the Mountains: The Tragic History of the Kurds. Moss, Joyce, and George Wilson. Peoples of the World: The Middle East and North Africa1st ed. World Travel Guide, Turkey.

Also read article about Kurds from Wikipedia User Contributions: Culture and Language belong in with the other Iranic people. I once heard someone speak Farsi persian I just could believe how similar it sounded to Kurdish and I've found out that even many words are similar.

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Kurds are a Iranian people but not all of them live in Iran. Jeani Lombardio Sep 1, 2009 4: I mean I had a social studies project about the Kurds and this rele helps Bailey Nov 29, 2009 2: I am pleased that people are interested in my culture. By the way I am 11 years old and I now live in England as a Kurd.