College papers academic writing service


Change over time soviet union 1919 2018

In 1917, Vladimir Lenin seized power in the Russian Revolutionestablishing a single-party dictatorship under the Bolsheviks. After suffering a series of strokes, Lenin died on January 21, 1924, with no clear path of succession. The obvious choice, to many, was Leon Trotsky, who had headed the Military Revolutionary Committee that had carried out the Bolshevik Revolution. He had been a high-ranking member of the party throughout Lenin's time in power, and was considered by many to be the Communist Party's foremost Marxist theorist, but was also considered aloof and cold by many party members.

Territorial changes of Poland immediately after World War II

Trotsky's main competition for power was Joseph Stalin. Stalin had been involved in the Communist Party since before the Revolution. He served under Lenin as commissar for nationalities, and in 1923 became general secretary of the party. Lenin supported Trotsky over Stalin as his successor, claiming Stalin was "too rude" to lead the government. However, Stalin's position as general secretary allowed him to manipulate the party structure and place his supporters in crucial positions throughout the party, ultimately insuring his victory.

  1. Trotsky advocated 'permanent world revolution,' claiming that the Soviet Union should strive continuously to encourage proletarian revolutions throughout the world.
  2. The same Soviet stance was repeated by Joseph Stalin again at the Yalta Conference with Roosevelt and Churchill in February 1945, but a lot more forcefully in the face of the looming German defeat. He fled to Turkey, and eventually to Mexico, where he was killed in 1940 by a Stalinist agent.
  3. After suffering a series of strokes, Lenin died on January 21, 1924, with no clear path of succession. Between 1933 and 1938, thousands were arrested and expelled, or shot, including about 25 percent of the army officer corps.

During the struggle for power an ideological rift began to open between Trotsky and Stalin. Trotsky advocated 'permanent world revolution,' claiming that the Soviet Union should strive continuously to encourage proletarian revolutions throughout the world.

  • However, Stalin's position as general secretary allowed him to manipulate the party structure and place his supporters in crucial positions throughout the party, ultimately insuring his victory;
  • The more well off peasant class, the kulaks, rebelled against collectivization;
  • Trotsky advocated 'permanent world revolution,' claiming that the Soviet Union should strive continuously to encourage proletarian revolutions throughout the world;
  • However, Stalin's position as general secretary allowed him to manipulate the party structure and place his supporters in crucial positions throughout the party, ultimately insuring his victory;
  • He fled to Turkey, and eventually to Mexico, where he was killed in 1940 by a Stalinist agent.

Stalin contrasted Trotsky's view with a 'socialism in one country' message, which stressed the consolidation of the communist regime within the Soviet Union, and concentration on domestic developments and improvements before looking to world revolution.

This rift, combined with Stalin's rise to power as party leader, sealed Trotsky's fate. By 1927, Trotsky had lost his position on the Central Committee, and was expelled from the party. He fled to Turkey, and eventually to Mexico, where he was killed in 1940 by a Stalinist agent. His main opposition gone, Stalin consolidated power, demonstrating his independence.

In 1928 he abandoned Lenin's economic policy and installed a system of central planning, which dictated everything from where factories should be built to how farmers should plant their crops.

How Bauhaus came to the Soviet Union

He allocated natural resources for heavy industrial development, at the expense of consumer products, believing that heavy industry would be the foundation of the profitable state. Simultaneously, Stalin introduced a policy of collectivization, under which were created governmentally owned and operated farms in which peasants pooled their lands. The more well off peasant class, the kulaks, rebelled against collectivization.

Stalin would accept no resistance, and initiated a reign of terror during 1929 and 1930, during which as many as 3 million were killed. During the 1930s, Stalin sought to eliminate all barriers to his complete and total exercise of power.

  • When the Nazis gained control of the city council there, the school closed again in 1932 and was reopened in Berlin;
  • Today, these territories are part of sovereign Belarus , Ukraine , and Lithuania.

In 1933, he created the Central Purge Commission, which publicly investigated and tried members of the Communist Party for treason. In 1933 and 1934, 1,140,000 members were expelled from the party. Between 1933 and 1938, thousands were arrested and expelled, or shot, including about 25 percent of the army officer corps.

Many longstanding and prominent party members were tried. In all cases, the defendants were forced to confess publicly, and then were shot.

  • In 1917, Vladimir Lenin seized power in the Russian Revolution , establishing a single-party dictatorship under the Bolsheviks;
  • It was closed permanently in April 1933, pressured by the Nazi regime, which criticized the institution for producing "degenerate art.

Commentary Historians disagree over whether or not totalitarianism is an inherent aspect of Marxist-Leninist theory, or whether Joseph Stalin, as many claim, deviated from the true tenets of Marxism-Leninism in constructing his government.

Most can agree, however, that the Marxist idea of "dictatorship of the proletariat" enabled the rise of the totalitarian state.

  1. He served under Lenin as commissar for nationalities, and in 1923 became general secretary of the party. This difference amounts almost to the size of the Czech Republic , although Poland ended up with a much longer coastline on the Baltic Sea compared to its 1939 borders.
  2. During the 1930s, Stalin sought to eliminate all barriers to his complete and total exercise of power. By 1927, Trotsky had lost his position on the Central Committee, and was expelled from the party.
  3. He served under Lenin as commissar for nationalities, and in 1923 became general secretary of the party.

Whether or not there was an aspect of totalitarianism inherent in Lenin's philosophy, he never consolidated power to the same extent as Stalin did. Indeed, upon his deathbed, dictating his last testament, Lenin decried the dictatorial nature of his government and expressed the fear that in the wrong hands, totalitarianism could be used in a manner antagonistic to the masses, for which the government was intended to work.