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The hallucinogenic and medicinal effects of marijuana

Cachexia or dramatic weight loss and muscle atrophy wasting syndrome As of November 2016, 28 states and the District of Columbia legally allow cannabis for personal medical use. Rules surrounding the use of medical cannabis medical marijuana vary by state. The first state in the union to legalize the medical use of marijuana was California in 1996. States that allow medical marijuana include: It is important to recognize that these state marijuana laws do not change the fact that using marijuana continues to be an offense under Federal law.

Medical marijuana in the U.

Important information

Per federal law, cannabis is illegal as noted in the Controlled Substances Act, but the federal government has stated they will not actively prosecute patients and caregivers complying with state medical marijuana laws. However, use of medical marijuana outside of the state laws for illegal use or trafficking will not be tolerated by state or federal government.

Epidiolex is an oral solution for patients two years and older to treat Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome -- two severe forms of seizures that begin in childhood. Epidiolex is the first FDA-approved treatment in the U. In September 2018 the FDA rescheduled cannabidiol from a C-I controlled substance to a C-V controlled substance, meaning it has a proven medical use but a low risk of abuse.

Marijuana as Medicine

This change allows Epidiolex to be marketed in the U. In robust Phase 3 studies with 516 patients with either seizure type, Epidiolex, taken along with other medications, was shown to be effective in reducing the seizure frequency when compared with placebo.

Common side effects with Epidiolex include tiredness, elevated liver enzymes, diarrhea, and lowered appetite, among others. Recreational Use of Cannabis In 2012, voters in Colorado and Washington state passed initiatives legalizing cannabis for adults 21 and older under state law.

C also approved recreational use of marijuana. In November 2016, four more states - California, Massachusetts, Maine, and Nevada - voted in recreational marijuana. It is important to note that the federal government still considers cannabis a dangerous drug and that the illegal distribution and sale of marijuana is a serious crime. Cultivating 100 plants or more carries a mandatory minimum sentence of five years according to federal statutes. That being said, it was unlikely that the federal government was interested in pursuing individuals the hallucinogenic and medicinal effects of marijuana with state-mandated regulations surrounding legalized cannabis for recreational use, although the CSA law still gives them authority to do so.

However, the new Trump administration may change this thinking and users of legal marijuana and legal dispensaries await further action and clarifying rules. The DOJ is focused on priorities, such as: Preventing the distribution to minors Preventing revenues from sale of marijuana towards criminal activity Preventing diversion of marijuana from states where it is legal to states where it is not legal Preventing state-legalized marijuana from being a cover for other illegal drugs or activity Prevent violence and guns in the cultivation and distribution of marijuana Prevent drugged driving and other public health issues Prevent the use of public land for marijuana cultivation Preventing marijuana possession or use on federal property Additional states may undertake or pursue citizen petitions in the future to legalize the recreational use of cannabis.

According to the Brookings Institute, Presidential years bring out an electorate more favorable to cannabis legalization than the off-year electorate. Support for marijuana legalization has increased dramatically since 2010, by 11 percentage points.

  1. Cannabis may increase the effects of other drugs that cause drowsiness, including antidepressants, alcohol, antihistamines, sedatives used to treat insomnia , pain relievers, anxiety medicines, seizure medicines, and muscle relaxants. Cultivating 100 plants or more carries a mandatory minimum sentence of five years according to federal statutes.
  2. Their latest findings reveal how the cognitive effects of THC, such as memory loss and anxiety, are triggered by a pathway which is separate from some of its other effects, including pain relief.
  3. Per federal law, cannabis is illegal as noted in the Controlled Substances Act, but the federal government has stated they will not actively prosecute patients and caregivers complying with state medical marijuana laws. They play a role in regulating pleasure, memory, thinking, concentration, body movement, awareness of time, appetite, pain, and the senses taste, touch, smell, hearing, and sight.
  4. Some of these cannabinoids are extremely powerful and have led to serious health effects when misused.

Specific city and county laws have been enacted to regulate how citizens and tourists may possess and consume marijuana. Penalties exist for driving while under the influence of marijuana. For more information see: Marijuana Cannabis side effects Long term effects of heavy use can include: Chronic use can lower sperm count in males and lead to irregular periods in females resolved if cannabis use stops.

What should I avoid? Do not drive, operate machinery, or perform other hazardous activities while using cannabis. Cannabis may cause dizziness, drowsiness, and impaired judgment. Do not drink alcohol while using cannabis. Alcohol will increase dizziness, drowsiness, and impaired judgment.

Cannabis may increase the effects of other drugs that cause drowsiness, including antidepressants, alcohol, antihistamines, sedatives used to treat insomniapain relievers, anxiety medicines, seizure medicines, and muscle relaxants. Do not use cannabis if you are pregnant or could become pregnant.

There is some evidence that women who smoke cannabis during the time of conception or while pregnant may increase the risk of their child being born with birth defects.

Pregnant women who continue to smoke cannabis are probably at greater risk of giving birth to low birthweight babies.

Why isn’t the marijuana plant an FDA-approved medicine?

Do not use cannabis if you are breast-feeding a baby. What happens if I overdose? Seek emergency medical attention. Symptoms of overdose include fatigue, lack of coordination, paranoia and psychosis. What other drugs will affect cannabis? For more information on Drug Interactions, please visit the Drugs.