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The three theories to the underdevelopment of africa

Perspectives of underdevelopment in Africa

This essay will be contrasting two views on the matter: The essay will then contrast them. Rodney 1973 argues that Africa underdeveloped due to European exploitation and a global system of Capitalism that requires its relative poverty.

  • Another example of this is his insistence that unfair trade terms dictated by Europeans underdeveloped Africa;
  • Rodney argues that developed countries not only became developed through exploiting other countries, but that this exploitation led to those countries becoming underdeveloped;
  • The essay will then contrast them.

Underdevelopment, according to Rodney, is not a degree of development but rather a relative measurement. Rodney argues that developed countries not only became developed through exploiting other countries, but that this exploitation led to those countries becoming underdeveloped. Rodney further argues that the financial dependence of Africa on Europe in the form of loans and investment creates dependency that prevents Africa from developing further.

Dependency theories strips agency away from Africans, which inaccurately portrays their role in their local economy.

  1. Rodney argues that developed countries not only became developed through exploiting other countries, but that this exploitation led to those countries becoming underdeveloped. Rodney approaches African economic history by stripping Africans of their responsibility and laying the blame on Europe.
  2. A History of Extraversion.
  3. How Europe Underdeveloped Africa. This essay has outlined the arguments of Rodney and his views on the underdevelopment of Africa.

Bayart and Ellis argue, with historical evidence, that many Africans voluntarily participated in global trade, even long before colonisation. Rodney approaches African economic history by stripping Africans of their responsibility and laying the blame on Europe. Bayart and Ellis approach the subject through maintaining the fact that Africans are humans with agency and responsibility.

Another example of this is his insistence that unfair trade terms dictated by Europeans underdeveloped Africa. Bayart and Ellis provide a very good counter example in their explanation that the British-Nigerian palm oil trade, for much of its existence, was dictated by local producers.

Suppliers dictate prices, with buyers only influencing the price insofar as they are willing to pay.

  1. Suppliers dictate prices, with buyers only influencing the price insofar as they are willing to pay.
  2. Ultimately, writers like Rodney and other dependency theorists think they are helping the African cause when they strip responsibility away from them, but all they do is strip Africans of their humanity.
  3. It has clarified that underdevelopment is a relative term, rather than undeveloped. Another example of this is his insistence that unfair trade terms dictated by Europeans underdeveloped Africa.
  4. The essay will then contrast them.
  5. In the dichotomy between Rodney and Bayart and Ellis, the evidence and sound logic of the latter is clear. Bayart and Ellis, by contrast, provided much clearer evidence and a sounder approach to African economic history.

By definition, trade is voluntary. In the dichotomy between Rodney and Bayart and Ellis, the evidence and sound logic of the latter is clear. This essay has outlined the arguments of Rodney and his views on the underdevelopment of Africa. It has clarified that underdevelopment is a relative term, rather than undeveloped. Bayart and Ellis, by contrast, provided much clearer evidence and a sounder approach to African economic history. Ultimately, writers like Rodney and other dependency theorists think they are helping the African cause when they strip responsibility away from them, but all they do is strip Africans of their humanity.

  • The essay will then contrast them;
  • Rodney further argues that the financial dependence of Africa on Europe in the form of loans and investment creates dependency that prevents Africa from developing further;
  • Rodney approaches African economic history by stripping Africans of their responsibility and laying the blame on Europe;
  • Another example of this is his insistence that unfair trade terms dictated by Europeans underdeveloped Africa.

For this very reason, Bayart and Ellis have a superior view, in that they recognise the participation of Africans in the global system, and not just ignore it as inconvenient to an Anti-European narrative. A History of Extraversion. How Europe Underdeveloped Africa.

  • Bayart and Ellis provide a very good counter example in their explanation that the British-Nigerian palm oil trade, for much of its existence, was dictated by local producers;
  • Rodney further argues that the financial dependence of Africa on Europe in the form of loans and investment creates dependency that prevents Africa from developing further.