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Profiling at us airports after 9 11

Background[ edit ] In the weeks following September 11, 2001, federalstate and local law enforcement officials investigated those responsible for the September 11 attacks during which nearly 3,000 people died.

Airport racial profiling in the United States

They assessed the United States's vulnerability to future acts of terrorism. Investigations showed the suspects of the crime to be of Middle Eastern origin.

How Profiling Works

In the wake of the September 11 attacks, US officials responded to the fears of air travelers by reinforcing security. Despite more thorough investigation of baggage and increased security staffing, there were so many vast open spaces, exits and entrances at airport hubs that prevention of incidents was problematic. Los Angeles International Airport was recently found to be the most vulnerable to infiltration in the US when it comes to smuggling weapons.

  • In 2002, after the September 11 attack on the US, Logan Airport began a program called "Behavior Assessment Screening System" which allows police to question passengers whose behavior appears to be "suspicious";
  • Its not racial profiling, but racial discrimination indeed;
  • Many security personnel have expressed disgust about their jobs of conducting pat downs, screenings, interrogations and even strip searches;
  • Passengers at many of the major airports of the country have complained about how humiliating such security procedures are;
  • A harassment lawsuit followed;
  • If this kind of testing holds up to scientific scrutiny, it could be considered similar to a physical description reported by an eyewitness.

The test, which checked security at America's 32 biggest airports, was carried out in June by the Transportation Security Administration TSAwhich assumed responsibility for airport security.

He was going to the federal court to challenge a screening technique used around the country that looks at suspicious behavior patterns to identify potential terrorists.

He has sued the Massachusetts Port Authoritywhich operates the airport, and the Massachusetts State Policeciting they violated his constitutional rights. Downing, who is black and wears a short beard, believes he was targeted because of his race. In his lawsuitDowning alleges the behavioral screening system used at Logan Airport encourages racial profiling.

His lawsuit also seeks a ruling to declare airport racial profiling as unconstitutional. In 2002, after the September 11 attack on the US, Logan Airport began a program called "Behavior Assessment Screening System" which allows police to question passengers whose behavior appears to be "suspicious". Logan was the first airport in the country to use the system. In its 1968 Fourth Amendment ruling, Terry v.

These Are the Biggest Ways That 9/11 Changed Airport Security

Ohiothe U. Supreme Court found that reasonable, articulable suspicion was sufficient grounds for a police officer to briefly stop and question a citizen. They ruled that such suspicion must not be based on the officer's "inchoate and unparticularized suspicion or 'hunch,' but on the specific reasonable inferences which he is entitled to draw from the facts in light of his experience".

Terry employed a "totality of circumstances" test to determine the reasonableness of police investigatory stops. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

  • It is the practice of deliberately discriminating the muslims;
  • In his lawsuit , Downing alleges the behavioral screening system used at Logan Airport encourages racial profiling;
  • Los Angeles International Airport was recently found to be the most vulnerable to infiltration in the US when it comes to smuggling weapons;
  • He has sued the Massachusetts Port Authority , which operates the airport, and the Massachusetts State Police , citing they violated his constitutional rights.

September 2016 Learn how and when to remove this template message The Obama administration 's decision to heighten airport security for passengers while traveling to the US from 14 nations triggered a backlash of complaints from Muslim and privacy groups[ which?

Bushsaid "airports need to be 'profiling' based on behavior even though it's a 'dirty word.

  • Critics say that a disproportionate number of "Arab-looking" people have been detained, searched or questioned at airport security checkpoints;
  • If this kind of testing holds up to scientific scrutiny, it could be considered similar to a physical description reported by an eyewitness;
  • The personal inconvenience and embarrassment are upsetting, but secondary;
  • Most Americans, including people of color, care more about catching terrorists than they do about the harms caused by racial profiling;
  • Until we are confident that terrorism is no longer a threat, everyone should suffer the same inconvenience and embarrassment of having their bags searched and their underwear and other belongings handled by strangers.