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The significance of the battle of spotsylvania in the civil war

Battle of Spotsylvania concludes

The campaign was called the Overland Campaign and eventually led to the Siege of Petersburg and the end of the Civil War. The battle took place over a number of days from May 8 to May 19, 1864. It was the second major battle of the Overland Campaign and occurred shortly after the Battle of the Wilderness.

Who were the commanders?

American Civil War

Grant and George Meade. The Confederate Army of Virginia was nearly half the size with only 52,000 soldiers. They were led by General Robert E.

  1. The battle took place over a number of days from May 8 to May 19, 1864. The battle was part of Lt.
  2. Later on the same day another attack also failed to dislodge the Confederates from their trenches. They smashed through the line and split the Confederate Army down the middle.
  3. On May 19, the Confederates turned the tables with a flank attack on the Union right at Harris Farm; it was repulsed with heavy losses on both sides.
  4. Half hearted attacks on other parts of the Confederate lines did not help his cause. Grant now appeared to be that man.
  5. Both armies dug elaborate trench networks whenever they came into contact. He was the highest ranking Union officer to be killed while fighting during the Civil War.

Grant came up with a plan called the Overland Campaign. His main goal was not to capture a city or land, but to destroy the Confederate Army of Robert E. General Grant began the campaign in early May, marching his army into Virginia. There he met General Lee's army and fought the Battle of the Wilderness. Both sides suffered heavy casualties.

However, rather than retreat, the Union Army marched to Spotsylvania, hoping to get between the Confederate Army and Richmond, the capital of the Confederacy. The Battle The two armies met again in battle near Spotsylvania on May 8, 1864. The Confederates dug in and waited for the Union to attack.

Battle of Spotsylvania

Grant's army attacked several times over the next few days. They smashed through the line and split the Confederate Army down the middle. However, the Confederates didn't give up. They fought fiercely and managed to hold off the Union army. Over the next 20 hours the fighting was terrible. The rain started pouring down and much of the fighting was hand-to-hand. Thousands of soldiers lost their lives. The place of the fiercest fighting became known as the "Bloody Angle.

Over the next several days, Grant and the Union army tried to outflank Lee's army, but they were unsuccessful. The last of the fighting in the battle ended on May 19 as Grant began to move his army further south.

Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

Results Neither side won the battle, but General Grant had made his intentions clear. He wasn't going to stop until he destroyed Lee's army.

While the Union suffered more casualties than the Confederacy around 18,000 for the Union and 12,000 for the ConfederacyGrant had a lot more troops and hoped to wear down Lee's army over time through attrition.

The week of May 5 to May 12 in 1864 was the worst week for the Union in terms of casualties during the Civil War. The shooting was so intense at Bloody Angle that a 2-foot thick oak tree was cut down by rifle fire.

  • They smashed through the line and split the Confederate Army down the middle;
  • The Battle The two armies met again in battle near Spotsylvania on May 8, 1864;
  • The Confederates dug in and waited for the Union to attack;
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  • Once again Grant had failed to outflank Lee, although had come close to breaking his lines.

You can see the stump of the tree at the Smithsonian Museum of American History. General John Sedgwick was killed during the battle. He was the highest ranking Union officer to be killed while fighting during the Civil War.

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