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The status of the military after the american civil war

  1. After an hour and a half, he returned to his own ranks for the last time. The states of Maryland, Delaware, Kentucky, and Missouri.
  2. Another name for the Model 1857 gun howitzer.
  3. Recognized for his leadership qualities, Hancock next served in a succession of administrative posts in Minnesota and Missouri. At the Battle of Williamsburg, Hancock ordered a counterattack that routed Confederate forces and captured a rebel flag.
  4. To crush the rebellion and reestablish the authority of the Federal government, Lincoln had to direct his blue-clad armies to invade, capture, and hold most of the vital areas of the Confederacy.
  5. A term of contempt for torpedoes either the land or the water variety.

Someone who wishes to abolish or get rid of slavery. The science of growing crops or raising livestock; farming. A soldier who was appointed by an officer to be his confidential assistant. The aide wrote and delivered orders and held a position of responsibility which required him to know troop positions and where officer quarters were located. The aide-de-camp was an officer by virtue of his position and he took orders from his commander only. To lie in the status of the military after the american civil war for an unexpected attack.

A place where weapons and other military supplies are manufactured. The largest organizational group of soldiers, made up of one or more corps. There were 16 Union armies named after rivers, such as the Army of the Potomac and 23 Confederate armies named after states or regions, such as the Army of Northern Virginia.

A place where weapons and other military supplies are stored. Cannon or other large caliber firearms; a branch of the army armed with cannon. Raised platform or mound allowing an artillery piece to be fired over a fortification's walls without exposing the gun crew to enemy fire. The long metal tube on a gun through which a projectile is fired. The basic unit of soldiers in an artillery regiment; similar to a company in an infantry regiment. Batteries included 6 cannon with the horses, ammunition, and equipment needed to move and fire them155 men, a captain, 30 other officers, 2 buglers, 52 drivers, and 70 cannoneers.

As the War dragged on, very few batteries fought at full strength. A battery can also be the position on a battlefield where cannon are located.

Winfield Scott Hancock

Blanket or other bedding rolled up and carried over the shoulder by a soldier. Sometimes soldiers would include personal belongings in their bedroll. A field fortification which was made to absorb the shock of artillery strikes. It was constructed of heavy timbers and its roof was covered with soil.

  1. Enlisted personnel would often never rise above the rank of private. Officers during the Civil War from the state forces were known by the rank suffix "of volunteers"; if Regular Army, these officers were known by the rank suffix "USA".
  2. In part, this was because most immigrants were poor; the Lincoln Administration used several drafts to get new recruits, but a man could escape the draft if he paid someone to serve in his place.
  3. Franklin Pierce , and a U. Appointment of officers actually continued to be a collaboration between Congress, the Commander in Chief, George Washington, and the states.

Extremely popular Confederate song named after the first flag of the Confederacy, which had one white star on a blue background. The lyrics listed each state in the order in which they seceded from the Union. The states of Maryland, Delaware, Kentucky, and Missouri. Although these states did not officially join the Confederacy, many of their citizens supported the South. Barriers which were about breast-high and protected soldiers from enemy fire.

Rifle-muskets that could be loaded at the breech in the middle between the barrel and the stock instead of from the end by shoving gunpowder and a ball down the barrel were called breech-loading guns. Officers did not usually function at or receive pay for their brevet rank. A large group of soldiers usually led by a brigadier general. A brigade was made of four to six regiments. A leather shoe, similar to an ankle-high boot, issued to soldiers during the Civil War.

Brogans were also popular amongst civilians during the time period. A term used to describe marauding or foraging soldiers. Although armies on both sides often had rules against foraging or stealing from private residences, some soldiers often found ways to do so.

The caisson could be attached to a limber, which would allow both to be pulled by a team of horses. The distance around the inside of a gun barrel measured in thousands of an inch. Bullets are labeled by what caliber gun they fit. A series of military operations that form a distinct phase of the War such as the Shenandoah Valley Campaign.

A projectile, shot from a cannon, filled with about 35 iron balls the size of marbles that scattered like the pellets of a shotgun. Round container used to carry water; made of wood or tin and carried over the shoulder by a strap.

Essential to firing a percussion rifle-musket, a cap is a tiny brass shell that holds fulminate of mercury.

Civil War Background

The cap is placed on the gun so that when a trigger is pulled, the hammer falls on the cap. The chemical in the cap ignites and flame shoots into the chamber that holds the gunpowder. This ignites the powder and the blast shoots the bullet out of the barrel. A breech-loading, single-shot, rifle-barreled gun primarily used by cavalry troops.

Regular Army (United States)

A carbine's barrel is several inches shorter than a regular rifle-musket. Roll of thin paper which held a small amount of gun powder in the bottom and a ball or bullet in the top. A soldier needed to tear off the top of the cartridge in order to fire his weapon - part of the nine steps to fire a muzzle loading gun or five to fire a breech loading gun. Casemates were often used to protect gun positions, powder magazines, storerooms or living quarters. A crop such as tobacco or cotton which was grown to be sold for cash --not grown for food like corn or wheat.

A soldier who was wounded, killed, or missing in action. A branch of the military mounted on horseback.

Glossary of Civil War Terms

Cavalry units in the Civil War could move quickly from place to place or go on scouting expeditions on horseback, but usually fought on foot. Their main job was to gather information about enemy movements. Until the spring of 1863, the Confederate cavalry force was far superior to its Federal counterpart. To rush towards the enemy. When several cheval-de-frise singular, pronounced she-VAL-de-freez were bolted together they created an effective barrier for roads and fortifications.

A flag identifying a regiment or army. By the end of the Civil War, the columbiad was rendered obsolete by rifled, banded artillery. Stipulation adopted by both the Union and Confederate governments which allowed certain draftees to pay a fee in order to avoid military service. A group of 50 to 100 soldiers led by a captain. Also called the South or the Confederate States of America, the Confederacy incorporated the states that seceded from the United States of America to form their own nation.

Loyal to the Confederacy. Also Southern or Rebel. The military draft became a necessity on both sides of the conflict. While many conscripts were excellent soldiers, veterans often considered draftees to be inferior, unreliable soldiers. Escaped slaves who fled to the Union lines for protection.

Term for a Northerner who opposed the war effort. Confederate corps were often called by the name of their commanding general as in Jackson's Corps. Gunboats using stacked cotton bales to protect themselves from enemy fire. Bronze boat howitzers and rifles used by the navies which were useful in river operations. They were named after Admiral John A. Defeating a military force unit by unit. This occurred when units were unable to support one another, often because of distance.

Resisting or protecting against attack from someone. The major political party in America most sympathetic to the status of the military after the american civil war rights and willing to tolerate the spread of slavery to the territories. Democrats opposed a strong Federal government.

Most Southern men were Democrats before the War. A military movement which is used to draw the enemy's attention, distracting the enemy so that an attack can be made in another location.

To practice marching, military formations and the steps in firing and handling one's weapon. Fluid builds up in the tissues and causes limbs to swell up horribly.

A field fortification such as a trench or a mound made of earth. Earthworks were used to protect troops during battles or sieges, to protect artillery batteries, and to slow an advancing enemy. Long cuts trenches dug out of the earth with the dirt piled up into a mound in front; used for defense.

  • Brogans were also popular amongst civilians during the time period;
  • Officers after this point held Regular Army rank only, but could hold an additional "temporary" rank in addition to their permanent rank;
  • If no brevet rank was held, the officer was simply referred to by his permanent rank and the suffix "USA";
  • Pickett allowed his men to strip the bodies, and buried in a mass grave all who were not claimed by their families;
  • In July 1865 he presided over the execution of the conspirators involved in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln.

Loyal to the government of the United States. Also known as Union, Yankee, or Northern. Temporary fortifications put up by an army in the field.

A system where several horse-drawn cannons would ride along the battle front, stop and set up the guns, fire, limber up, and ride to another position.

This practice gave the impression that many guns were in use when only a few were actually being used. Something that makes a defensive position stronger, like high mounds of earth to protect cannon or spiky breastworks to slow an enemy charge.

Fortifications may be man-made structures or a part of the natural terrain. Man-made fortifications could be permanent mortar or stone or temporary wood and soil. Natural fortifications could include waterways, forests, hills and mountains, swamps and marshes.

A leave from duty, granted by a superior officer. The furloughed soldier carried papers which described his appearance, his unit, when he left and when he was due to return. A group of soldiers stationed at a military post. Paper currency which began to circulate in the North after February 1862 with the passage of the Legal Tender Act.

  • The aide-de-camp was an officer by virtue of his position and he took orders from his commander only;
  • Others have pointed to his embarrassing failure at New Bern as the motivation for his actions;
  • Ethnic Groups in the Union Army Famines in Ireland and Germany had caused many citizens of those countries to immigrate to America in the two decades preceding the war.

Phrase used to describe soldiers who were either new to the military or had never fought in a battle before.

Hardtack is a term used to describe the hard crackers often issued to soldiers of both sides during the Civil War.