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A look at the educational system in england

The UK education system

Since 1998, there have been six main types of maintained state-funded school in England: Their start-up costs are typically funded by private means, such as entrepreneurs or NGOs, with running costs met by Central Government and, like Foundation schools, are administratively free from direct local authority control.

The 2010 Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government expanded the role of Academies in the Academy Programme, in which a wide number of schools in non-deprived areas were also encouraged to become Academies, thereby essentially replacing the role of Foundation schools established by the previous Labour government.

They are monitored directly by the Department for Education. Free schoolsintroduced by the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition following the 2010 general election, are newly established schools in England set up by parents, teachers, charities or businesses, where there is a perceived local need for more schools. A look at the educational system in england are funded by taxpayers, are academically non-selective and free to attend, and like Foundation schools and Academies, are not controlled by a local authority.

They are ultimately accountable to the Secretary of State for Education. Free schools are an extension of the existing Academy Programme. The first 24 free schools opened in Autumn 2011. Foundation schoolsin which the governing body employs the staff and has primary responsibility for admissions. School land and buildings are owned by the governing body or by a charitable foundation. The Foundation appoints a minority of governors. Many of these schools were formerly grant maintained schools.

In 2005 the Labour government proposed allowing all schools to become Foundation schools if they wished. Voluntary Aided schoolslinked to a variety of organisations. They can be faith schools about two thirds Church of England -affiliated; just under one third Roman Catholic Churchand a few another faithor non-denominational schools, such as those linked to London Livery Companies.

The governing body employs the staff and has primary responsibility for admissions. However, the local authority employs the schools' staff and has primary responsibility for admissions. In addition, three of the fifteen City Technology Colleges established in the 1980s still remain; the rest having converted to academies.

These are state-funded all-ability secondary schools which charge no fees but which are independent of local authority control. There are also a small number of state-funded boarding schools. English state-funded primary schools are almost all local schools with a small catchment area. More than half are owned by the Local Authority, though many are nominally voluntary controlled and some are voluntary aided.

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Some schools just include infants aged 4 to 7 and some just juniors aged 7 to 11. Some are linked, with automatic progression from the infant school to the junior school, and some are not. A few areas still have first schools for ages around 4 to 8 and middle schools for ages 8 or 9 to 12 or 13. An example of a Grammar School - in Sutton, London English secondary schools are mostly comprehensivealthough the intake of comprehensive schools can vary widely, especially in urban areas with several local schools.

Education in England

All state-funded schools are regularly inspected by the Office for Standards in Educationoften known simply as Ofsted. Ofsted publish reports on the quality of education at a particular school on a regular basis. Schools judged by Ofsted to be providing an inadequate standard of education may be subject to special measureswhich could include replacing the governing body and senior staff.

Some independent schools for 13—18-year-olds are known for historical reasons as ' public schools ' and for 8—13-year-olds as ' prep schools '.

What is an independent school?

Some schools offer scholarships for those with particular skills or aptitudes, or bursaries to allow students from less financially well-off families to attend. Independent schools do not have to follow the National Curriculum, and their teachers are not required or regulated by law to have official teaching qualifications.

Education Otherwise The 1944 Education Act Section 36 stated that parents are responsible for the education of their children, "by regular attendance at school or otherwise", which allows children to be educated at home. The legislation places no requirement for parents who choose not to send their children to school to follow the National Curriculum, or to give formal lessons, or to follow school hours and terms, and parents do not need to be qualified teachers.

The state provides no financial support to parents who choose to educate their children outside of school.

  • English state-funded primary schools are almost all local schools with a small catchment area;
  • They continue with three or four of these subjects in the second year and convert them into full A level qualifications at the end of the year;
  • Students will usually also attend classes in General Studies, or Philosophy, or other similar subjects;
  • This course is very similar to the Baccalaureate courses which are commonly studied in Europe;
  • These are generally much higher for students from outside the EEA, compared to the charge made to students from within the EEA;
  • Some are linked, with automatic progression from the infant school to the junior school, and some are not.

Post-16 education[ edit ] Students at both state schools and independent schools typically take GCSE examinations, which mark the end of compulsory education in school. Above school-leaving age, the independent and state sectors are similarly structured. In the 16—18 age group, sixth form education is not compulsory, but mandatory education or training until the age of 18 was phased in under the Education and Skills Act 2008with 16-year-olds in 2013 and for 17-year-olds in September 2015.

While students may still leave school on the last Friday in June, they must remain in education of some form until their 18th birthday. Courses at FE colleges, referred to as further education courses, can also be studied by adults over 18.

Some 16—18 students will be encouraged to study Key Skills in Communication, Application of Number, and Information Technology at this time. Traineeships are also overseen by the National Apprenticeship Service, and are education and a training programmes that are combined with work experience to give trainees the skills needed to get an apprenticeship.

Intermediate level 2Advanced level 3Higher level 4 — 7 and Degree level 6 — 7. The report also found that apprenticeships had a lower perceived value compared to degrees in Britain than in many other countries.