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An introduction to the history of nazi leaders in world war two

  • He shunned serious, comprehensive intellectual effort and was largely ignorant of military affairs and foreign cultures;
  • These revolved around his personality, the depth of his knowledge, and his military experience, and they exacerbated corresponding problems in the German command system;
  • There was no Alanbrooke or Marshall in the group, nor even an Eisenhower;
  • No commander works in isolation, no matter how absolute his power might appear.

Visit Website Did you know? As early as 1923, in his memoir and propaganda tract "Mein Kampf" My StruggleAdolf Hitler had predicted a general European war that would result in "the extermination of the Jewish race in Germany.

In the mid-1930s, he began the rearmament of Germany, secretly and in violation of the Versailles Treaty.

Introduction

After signing alliances with Italy and Japan against the Soviet UnionHitler sent troops to occupy Austria in 1938 and the following year annexed Czechoslovakia. Hitler had long planned an invasion of Poland, a nation to which Great Britain and France had guaranteed military support if it was attacked by Germany.

The pact with Stalin meant that Hitler would not face a war on two fronts once he invaded Poland, and would have Soviet assistance in conquering and dividing the nation itself.

On September 17, Soviet troops invaded Poland from the east.

Hitler

Under attack from both sides, Poland fell quickly, and by early 1940 Germany and the Soviet Union had divided control over the nation, according to a secret protocol appended to the Nonaggression Pact. In fact, the Germans broke through the line with their tanks and planes and continued to the rear, rendering it useless. Hitler now turned his attention to Britain, which had the defensive advantage of being separated from the Continent by the English Channel.

  • The fact remains, however, that Hitler was the driving force behind the war;
  • At each level, the superior was to give the orders, the subordinates to follow them to the letter;
  • Sales of Hitler's political autobiography "Mein Kampf," sometimes referred to as the bible of the Nazi Party, made him a millionaire;
  • No military leader can hope to understand the realities of the situation on the ground from hundreds of miles away...

Arguments between Hitler and his commanders delayed the next German advance until October, when it was stalled by a Soviet counteroffensive and the onset of harsh winter weather. World War II in the Pacific 1941-43 With Britain facing Germany in Europe, the United States was the only nation capable of combating Japanese aggression, which by late 1941 included an expansion of its ongoing war with China and the seizure of European colonial holdings in the Far East.

On December 7, 1941, 360 Japanese aircraft attacked the major U. Germany and the other Axis Powers promptly declared war on the United States. After a long string of Japanese victories, the U.

  • The pact with Stalin meant that Hitler would not face a war on two fronts once he invaded Poland, and would have Soviet assistance in conquering and dividing the nation itself;
  • The legacy of the war would include the spread of communism from the Soviet Union into eastern Europe as well as its eventual triumph in China, and the global shift in power from Europe to two rival superpowers—the United States and the Soviet Union—that would soon face off against each other in the Cold War;
  • Every point had to be correct and consistent with previous briefings, for Hitler had an incredible memory for detail and would become annoyed at any discrepancies;
  • In 1933 Adolf Hitler's National Socialists were voted into power, and the campaign of terror began;
  • It organized strong-arm groups to protect its rallies and meetings;
  • His fiery speeches swelled the ranks of the Nazi Party, especially among young, economically disadvantaged Germans.

Pacific Fleet won the Battle of Midway in June 1942, which proved to be a turning point in the war. On Guadalcanal, one of the southern Solomon Islands, the Allies also had success against Japanese forces in a series of battles from August 1942 to February 1943, helping turn the tide further in the Pacific. In mid-1943, Allied naval forces began an aggressive counterattack against Japan, involving a series of amphibious assaults on key Japanese-held islands in the Pacific.

Nazi Party

The approach of winter, along with dwindling food and medical supplies, spelled the end for German troops there, and the last of them surrendered on January 31, 1943. Soviet troops soon advanced into Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Romania, while Hitler gathered his forces to drive the Americans and British back from Germany in the Battle of the Bulge December 1944-January 1945the last major German offensive of the war.

An intensive aerial bombardment in February 1945 preceded the Allied land invasion of Germany, and by the time Germany formally surrendered on May 8, Soviet forces had occupied much of the country.

Hitler was already dead, having committed suicide on April 30 in his Berlin bunker. Post-war Germany would be divided into four occupation zones, to be controlled by the Soviet Union, Britain, the United States and France.

World War II

Heavy casualties sustained in the campaigns at Iwo Jima February 1945 and Okinawa April-June 1945and fears of the even costlier land invasion of Japan led Truman to authorize the use of a new and devastating weapon—the atomic bomb—on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in early August.

On August 10, the Japanese government issued a statement declaring they would accept the terms of the Potsdam Declaration, and on September 2, U.

The Role of the German Military in the Holocaust

World War II proved to be the most devastating international conflict in history, taking the lives of some 35 to 60 million people, including 6 million Jews who died at the hands of the Nazis. Millions more were injured, and still more lost their homes and property. The legacy of the war would include the spread of communism from the Soviet Union into eastern Europe as well as its eventual triumph in China, and the global shift in power from Europe to two rival superpowers—the United States and the Soviet Union—that would soon face off against each other in the Cold War.

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