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Organizational behavior in a multi disciplinary context

Organizational Behavior Explained: Definition, Importance, Nature, Model

Areas of research include improving job performance, increasing job satisfaction, promoting innovation and encouraging leadership. In order to achieve the desired results, managers may adopt different tactics, including reorganizing groups, modifying compensation structures and changing the way performance is evaluated.

  • The concept 'learning' appears as the most common by engineer-trainees, both in relation to teamwork 16 times and the ATPE 24 times;
  • It is concerned with reconciling the needs of the organization for the contribution of maximum productivity, with the needs of individuals and the realization of their potential.

History While organizational behavior as a field of academic study was not fully recognized by the American Psychological Association until the 1970s, its roots go back to the late 1920s when the Hawthorne Electric Company set up a series of experiments designed to discern how changes in environment and design changed the productivity of their employees. Their various studies, conducted between the years of 1924 and 1933, were broad and meticulously measured over large periods of time.

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The studies included the effect of various types of breaks lots of small breaks, a few long ones, etc. The most famous finding resulting from the Hawthorne Studies is what is now called the Hawthorne Effect, the change in behavior of a test subject when they know they are being observed.

The idea of looking scientifically at behavior and productivity in the workplace with the goal of increasing the amount and quality of work an employee can get done, was coupled with the idea that workers were not interchangeable resources.

  • This view is in line with Challenge's policy, which considers the locus of work as a place of teaching-learning;
  • This allowed unskilled workers to produce complex products efficiently;
  • A hypothesis is that the concept was evaluated as of little importance because it was not adequately explained in the enclosed questionnaire, giving room for ambiguity in interpretation;
  • Taylor's engineering background led him to place special emphasis of human productivity and efficiency in work behaviour;
  • Even medical science contributes to the field of Organizational Behavior, particularly in the study of stress and its effects on individuals;
  • The relational knowledge is similar to tacit knowledge.

Workers were instead unique in terms of their psychology and potential fit with a company. These ideas were radically new when Hawthorne first began the studies, and they helped create a field of study and an entire professional field. Organizational behavior has focused on various different topics of study. In part because of the Second World War, during the 1940s, the field focused on logistics and management science.

During this period, the emphasis was on using mathematical modeling and statistical analysis to find the best answers for complex problems.

BREAKING DOWN 'Organizational Behavior (OB)'

In the 1970s, theories of contingency and institutions, as well as organizational ecology, resource dependence, and bounded rationality came to the fore as the field focused more on quantitative research. These findings and sets of theories helped organizations better understand how to improve business structure and decision making.

Since the 1970s, a good deal of the work being done in the field of organizational behavior has been on cultural components of organizations, including topics such as race, class, gender roles, and cultural relativism and their roles on group building and productivity. These studies, a part of a shift in focus in the field towards qualitative research, and among other things, take into account the ways in which identity and background can inform decision making.

  1. Political scientists have become increasingly aware that organisations are political entities and if we are able to accurately explain and predict the behaviour of people in organisations, we need to bring a political perspective to our analysis.
  2. Political scientists have become increasingly aware that organisations are political entities and if we are able to accurately explain and predict the behaviour of people in organisations, we need to bring a political perspective to our analysis. Six points were raised by mentors concerning difficult aspects for interaction and teaching in ATPE Table 7.
  3. Two types of knowledge technical and relational concerning mentors emerged during the interviews, with the relational knowledge originating from the interaction between professionals and engineer-trainees. This characteristic emulates of Post-Fordism, because it refers to the production and delivery of differentiated services.
  4. Industrial and organisational psychologists concern themselves with problems of fatigue, boredom, perception, learning motivation, job satisfaction, personality, performance appraisals, employee selection, job designing, work stress etc. Since the 1970s, a good deal of the work being done in the field of organizational behavior has been on cultural components of organizations, including topics such as race, class, gender roles, and cultural relativism and their roles on group building and productivity.
  5. It also occurs with socialization, in a progression towards integration.

Academic Focuses Academic Programs focusing on organizational behavior are usually found in business schools, and schools of social work and psychology. They draw from the fields of anthropology, ethnography, and leadership studies and use quantitative, qualitative, and computer models as methods to explore and test ideas.

Depending on the program, one can study specific topics within organizational behavior, or broader fields. The topics covered by Micro OB include cognition, decision making, learning, motivation, negotiation, impressions, group process, stereotyping, and power and influence. Macro OB covers organizations as social systems, dynamics of change, markets, relationships between organizations and their environments, as well as identity in organizational process, how social movements influence markets, and the power of social networks.

Organizational Behavior (OB)

There is rarely one correct way to assess the right way to manage any of these things, but OB research can provide a set of guidelines and topics to follow. Theories around job satisfaction vary widely, but some argue that a satisfying job consists of a solid reward system, compelling work, good supervisors, and satisfactory working conditions.

  • The topic of team processes relies heavily on the field of sociology;
  • Working qualitatively and quantitatively.

Leadership, what it looks like and where it is derived from is a rich topic of debate and study within the field of organizational behavior.

Power, authority, and politics all operate inter-dependently in a workplace. Understanding the appropriate ways, as agreed upon by a workplace rules and general ethical guidelines, in which these elements are exhibited and used are key components to running a cohesive business.

Journals of Organizational Behavior.