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Dried papaya leaves as organic mulch for tomato plants

How to Write a Summary of an Article? Most often-used mulches are of organic composition, such as dry leaves and barks. Papaya mulches in different thickness were applied on plots planted with tomato in three replications. It was concluded that papaya mulch significantly promoted height increase of tomato plants and inhibited the growth of weeds.

  1. If the mulch compacts or breaks down significantly over the course of the growing season, add more to maintain the original depth. Tomato plants do best when mulched with 3 to 4 inches of coarse leaf compost.
  2. It can also help to protect your crops and plants from harsh elements. Collection The average papaya leaf stays on the tree for four to six months, then turns yellow and falls off.
  3. Rake up pine needles if you have a pine tree as these can also be used for soil mulch.
  4. It fills a role as protector of the topsoil conserver of moisture, guardian against weather extremes and comfortable, bruise-saving cushioned under repining procedure.

The best mulch was 3 inches in thickness. Introduction Usually defined as the use of organic and biodegradable materials to give plants the nutrients they need, organic farming proved to be the safest and most effective method of increasing and sustaining yield.

Various methods fall under organic farming, such as composting, green manuring, legume inoculating, and utilizing animal manure as fertilizers. Mulching is a simple process that increases soil fertility and regulating several factors affecting overall plant growth. In this method, a layer of material-the mulch-is placed on soil surface around the plant.

The mulch is used to retard the growth of weeds, protect roots and stems from sudden or extreme temperature changes, reduce soil erosion by wind and water, retard runoff of rainfall, prevent soil pudding by breaking the impact of raindrops, and keep flowers and fruits from being spattered with mud during rainstorms. Significance of the study Nowadays, various processes and methods have been considered inorganic farming such as composting and utilizing animal manure.

These methods have been proven in giving excellent growth and development of plants.

  1. There are three ways this can be done.
  2. One of the techniques in organic farming that have been used today is mulching, either dry or wet season.
  3. Also the researchers found out that dried papaya leaves are basic and therefore help make the soil in which tomato plants grow more neutral.
  4. In this study, the effectiveness of dried papaya leaves as organic mulch for tomato was tested.
  5. There are three ways this can be done. In this method, a layer of material-the mulch-is placed on soil surface around the plant.

One of the techniques in organic farming that have been used today is mulching, either dry or wet season. Numerous recyclable materials are found in our surroundings such as barks, leaves, rice straw, sacks and plastics that can be used for some agricultural purposes like mulching and these materials can be used as an organic fertilizer for plants.

Furthermore, rice straw, sacks and plastics has been proven as mulch for plants.

Statement of the Problem for Dried Papaya Leaves as an Organic Mulch for Tomato Plants?

If these materials were used properly, it would be a big benefit to the humanity particularly to the farmers. It is for this reason that, the researchers thought of exploring the comparison between rice straw, black plastic and white old sack as mulch for eggplant in terms of number of weeds ,number of insects, number and weight of fruits. Through this, the farmers will have comprehensive information about the differences between the different mulching materials.

Definition of terms Papaya leaves are commonly used as organic mulch for tomato plants as they provide all the nutrients required by the plant, without the need to cover the tomato plant in pesticides. Tomatoes grow right through from the spring until autumn, and turn in a number of fruit harvests during this period of time.

They are incredibly hungry and thirsty plants and require mulch all summer long for their protection. Other things that can be used include bark, pine chips, grass clippings, spent leaves and regular compost. This is to ensure that nutrients remain in the soil, and that it remains warm and moist.

It is also to discourage the growth of weeds and protect the plant from soil-born diseases and pests. Anyone going about this should lay down a number of layers of papaya leaves over the soil around the tomatoes with a view to achieve the aforementioned depth.

Maintaining the plant and mulch Over time, the organic matter the papaya leaves will break down and return to the soil, putting nutrients back into the soil for the plant as well. This means that your plant obtains organic nutrients as well as organic protection from the elements. Any gardener will need to monitor the layer of mulch and ensure that it is replenished sufficiently throughout the summer. There is more to mulch than meets the eye. It performs in several wondrous ways. It fills a role as protector of the topsoil conserver of moisture, guardian against weather extremes and comfortable, bruise-saving cushioned under repining procedure.

If you are geographically fortunate to have a tree growing near you then simply harvest it of its leaves and then dry them out. There are three ways this can be done: Pat dry any moisture on the papaya leaves, hang them up and leave to air in a dark and dry place.

This could take several weeks depending on the climate. Place the leaves on a baking tray and heat at around 225 degrees Fahrenheit, monitoring them closely until the moisture has evaporated but before they become brittle or burn. The best tomato growers give each seedling a few inches of space before planting the next seed.

Discussion of dried papaya leaves as organic mulch for tomato plants Based on the data the researchers have gathered, we can see how the set-ups with dried papaya leaf mulch had a higher growth rate than those without.

After the allotted time for the experiment, all the plants from the mulch set-up grew at dried papaya leaves as organic mulch for tomato plants 7cm higher with the highest growing 8cm higher. On the other hand the set-ups without mulch only grew at least 5cm taller with the highest growing only 7cmtaller. By week 3, the average height of the A plants is 4. The average height of the B plants by week 3 is 5.

Conclusion The researchers therefore conclude that using dried papaya leaves as mulch for tomato plant helps tremendously in its growth rate. Dried papaya leaves have nutrients that help nurture the soil so that it will be more favorable conditions for the growth of tomato plants. Also the researchers found out that dried papaya leaves are basic and therefore help make the soil in which tomato plants grow more neutral. This is important because studies have shown that neutral pH levels of soil are the most favorable conditions for a tomato plant to grow in.

Based on our further research, testing dried papaya leafs as insect repellants would be a more effective topic than testing its characteristic as alkaline mulch.