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A comparison of homers iliad and virgils aeneid

There are many scholarly debates on who this Latin-born Achilles is, whether he is Aeneas, Turnusor some other character, and if so, is the opponent symbolic of another character from the Iliad? One example is when Aeneas is absent from the battlefield, Turnus lays waste to the Trojan army, just as Hector did to the Greek army in the absence of Achilles.

Just as Hector kills PatroclusTurnus slaughters Pallasand to avenge the deaths of their friends, both Achilles and Aeneas slay their opponents. From the beginning of the Iliad, readers knew that the Greeks were fated to triumph over the Trojans, as was declared by the king of the gods, Zeus. Ekphrasis[ edit ] Another thing Virgil replicates from the Iliad is the ekphrasis of Aeneas' shield.

Upon the finish of the god of fire's creations, the poets soon followed with a detailed description of the shields, an ekphrasis.

Differences Between "The Aeneid" and "The Iliad" in Epic Poems

The ekphrasis of the shield of Achilles depicts everything that the world currently consisted of, as well as opposites, such as war and peace, heaven and earth, etc. Though the Odyssey takes course over the span of 24 books while the Aeneid replicates the happenings in the Odyssey in 6 books, there are several comparisons to make. Without the help of divine intervention though, neither hero would have met his destiny, though there were opposing gods who wanted to delay and provide hardship for the heroes along the journey.

In doing this, Poseidon's wrath was given every chance possible, especially with storms blowing the Greek ships off course, even destroying them. Hera was the goddess who used everything in her power to delay Aeneas from ever fulfilling his prophecy since Aeneas was a Trojan, and Hera had a hatred for the Trojans ever since the Trojan prince Paris gave a golden apple to Aphroditestating that she was the most beautiful out of her, Athena and Hera.

Storms caused by Hera also blow the Trojan fleet about and off course, which ultimately lands them at Carthage leading to another reason for Hera to despise Aeneas and the Trojans.

Stories within a Story[ edit ] The concept of a character narrating a story within the current story, providing subsequent layers, is seen in both the Aeneid and the Odyssey, more specifically the story of the heroes' journey up until that point in time, since both epics start in medias resin the middle of things. With the story of Odysseus, the Greek washes up on the shores of Scheriathe land of the Phaeacians, who hospitably take Odysseus in and ask him how he has come to their land.

  • Both poems also deal with themes of fate and free will;
  • A third set of examples in fate lie within the Aeneid as fate destines that the Trojans will destroy the city of Carthage;
  • However, while there are graphic depictions of murder, thievery, slavery, pillaging, and piracy, Homer also shows through character interactions that war is accepted as an inevitable given;
  • Characters' fates in the Iliad seems preordained when it mentions achieving "the will of Zeus" early on;
  • Comparison of the Iliad, the Odyssey, and the Aeneid We have so large base of authors that we can prepare a unique summary of any book.

The Journey[ edit ] Both heroes sail over the same sea, sometimes visiting the same locations and experiencing the same difficulties.

Virgil also included an emaciated Greek named Achaemenides, who had sailed with Odysseus but had been left behind.

Comparison of the Iliad, the Odyssey, and the Aeneid

The two heroes also make a katabasis into the Underworld to retrieve information from the deceased. The Homecoming[ edit ] Upon arrival in Ithaca, Odysseus is met with suitors who are in his home, destroying it, and trying to win the hand of his wife, Penelope. Odysseus proceeds to fight off these suitors, killing them so he can have his home back.

  • Scholars estimate he was born as early as 700 B;
  • However, while there are graphic depictions of murder, thievery, slavery, pillaging, and piracy, Homer also shows through character interactions that war is accepted as an inevitable given.

Similarly, Aeneas is supposed to found his home in Latium and marry the princess Laviniawhere he is met with the army of Turnuswho was the king of Rutuli and Lavinia's leading suitor before Aeneas came along. Aeneas has to engage in a battle before he can finally rest in his newfound home.