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A history of earth in western world

Ancient Greek civilization had been growing in 1st millennium BC into wealthy poleisso-called city-states geographically loose political entities which in time, inevitably end giving way to larger organisations of society, including the empire and the nation-state [29] such as AthensSpartaThebesand Corinthby Middle and Near Eastern ones Sumerian cities such as Uruk and Ur ; Ancient Egyptian city-states, such as Thebes and Memphis ; the Phoenician Tyre and Sidon ; the five Philistine city-states; the Berber city-states of the Garamantes.

The then Hellenic division between the barbarians term used by Ancient Greeks for all non-Greek-speaking people and the Greeks contrasted in many societies the Greek-speaking culture of the Greek settlements around the Mediterranean to the surrounding non-Greek cultures.

Herodotus considered the Persian Wars of the early 5th century BC a conflict of Europa versus Asia which he considered all land north and east of the Sea of Marmararespectively.

The recent resurgence of this ancient idea reminds us that flat Earth believers have a long history

Early Archaic period statue of Athenapatron goddess of heroic endeavor; believed to have been born from the head of her father ZeusGreece 7th century BC. Statue of Athena in front of the Austrian Parliament 1902. The anachronistic application of those terms to that division entails a stark logical contradiction, given that, when the term "West" appeared, it was used by Hellenistic Roman Catholic of Greek heritage but also of Latin-speaking culture, in opposition to the Greek Orthodox and their Greek-speaking culture.

Greek cultureis said to have influenced Roman civilization in all aspects of society, from architecture to philosophyart and war.

Western Hemisphere

According to a few writers, the future conquest of parts of the Roman Empire by Germanic peoples and the subsequent dominance by the Western Christian Papacy which held combined political and spiritual authority, a state of affairs absent from Greek civilization in all its stagesresulted in a rupture of the previously existing ties between the Latin West and Greek thought, [31] including Christian Greek thought.

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History of Earth

April 2018 Learn how and when to remove this template message Ancient Rome 753 BC — AD 476 was a civilization that grew from a city-state founded on the Italian Peninsula about the 8th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea.

It came to dominate Western, Central and Southeastern Europe and the entire area surrounding the Mediterranean Sea through conquest using the Roman legions and then through cultural assimilation by eventually giving Roman citizenship privileges to the whole population.

Western world

Nonetheless, despite its great legacy, a number of factors led to the eventual decline and fall of the Roman Empire. The Roman Republic in 218 BC after having managed the conquest of most of the Italian peninsula, on the eve of major successful and deadliest war with the Phoenicians.

Middle-earth

The Roman Empire in AD 117. During 350 years the Roman Republic turned into an Empire expanding up to twenty-five times its area. The Roman Empire succeeded the approximately 500-year-old Roman Republic c. During these struggles hundreds of senators were killed, and the Roman Senate had been refilled with loyalists[ vague ] of the First Triumvirate and later those of the Second Triumvirate.

The same time passed before its fall in AD 476. Rome had expanded long before the empire reached its zenith with the conquest of Dacia in AD 106, under Emperor Trajan.

History of Western civilization

Ancient Rome has contributed greatly to the development of law, war, art, literature, architecture, technology and language in the Western world, and its history continues to have a major influence on the world today. Latin language has been the base from which Romance languages evolved and it has been the official language of the Catholic Church and all Catholic religious ceremonies all over Europe until 1967, as well as an or the official language of countries such as Poland 9th—18th centuries.

The concept of "East-West" originated in the cultural division between Christian Churches.

The Curious History of The International Flat Earth Society

Ending invasions on Roman Empire between AD 100-500. In AD 395, a few decades before its Western collapse, the Roman Empire formally split into a Western and an Eastern one, each with their own emperors, capitals, and governments, although ostensibly they still belonged to one formal Empire.

The Western Roman Empire provinces eventually were replaced by Northern European Germanic ruled kingdoms in the 5th century due to civil wars, corruption, and devastating Germanic invasions from such tribes as the Gothsthe Franks and the Vandals by their late expansion throughout Europe. The three-day Visigoths's AD 410 sack of Rome who had been raiding Greece not long before, a shocking time for Graeco-Romanswas the first time after almost 800 years that Rome had fallen to a foreign enemy, and St.

Jeromeliving in Bethlehem at the time, wrote that "The City which had taken the whole world was itself taken. By Rome's central location at the heart of the Empire, "West" and "East" were terms used to denote provinces west and east of the capital itself. Italy itself was considered central, until the reforms of Diocletianwith the idea of formally dividing the Empire into true two halves: The East continued to call themselves Eastern Romans even after AD 610 — 800 when Greek had become official language of the empire was Latin and the Pope's crowning of Charlemagne as Emperor of the Romanswhile the West began thinking in terms of Western Latins those living a history of earth in western world the old Western Empire and Eastern Greeks those inside the Roman remnant to the east.

The Eastern Roman Empire surviving the fall of the Western, protected Roman legal and cultural traditions, combining them with Greek and Christian elements, for another thousand years.

  • Dying in 632, Muhammed's new creed conquered first the Arabian tribes, then the great Byzantine cities of Damascus in 635 and Jerusalem in 636;
  • Finally, in 1453, one of Europe's greatest cities fell to the Turks.