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A history of the mexican revolution led by porfirio diaz

The nation's roots are in tribes who's legacies' span all the way back to the beginning of a history of the mexican revolution led by porfirio diaz history. These civilizations shaped the foundations of Mexico until the first European intrusion by Spain in the 1500's.

In the face of continued Spanish oppression, which lasted well into the 1800's, these native peoples fought violently to preserve their independence and their fundamental rights. The 1800's was ridden with coups and revolution, but these were ultimately only the precursors towards the true Mexican Revolution which spanned the first quarter of the twentieth century. This revolution is perhaps one of the most important revolutions that has taken place in recent history because it was not a revolution led by factions battling for governmental control, or the bourgeoisie thinkers developing new ideas.

Instead, it was a revolution led by simple men rising up and asserting their fundamental rights, and succeeding. The revolution was not only essential to the evolution of human rights and democracy and Mexico, but was also significant as it was one of the first successful third world revolutions.

To an extent the revolution laid the groundwork for allowing democracy to emerge from authoritarianism in other third world nations. In the interview Diaz stated that he believed Mexico would be ready for free elections by 1910.

When this interview was published it inspired a rich landowner in northern Mexico to gather supporters around him and attempt to build a political backing of followers that could defeat Diaz in the 1910 election.

The landowner was Francisco I. Madero and his Antireeleccionistas' slogan was, "effective suffrage and no re-election". The people of Mexico were inspired and by the time 1910 came around Madero hada very good chance of becoming President of Mexico. Diaz, in an attempt tostay in power, rigged the election and arrested Madero. Madero was soonreleased, and immediately fled for San Antonio Texas. This plan called for a violent revolt on November 20, 1910.

The revolt failed but inspired other revolutionary groups to band together. The young leader of this faction was Emiliano Zapata. Emiliano was the son of a poor Mestizo peasant who trained and sold horses. Emiliano Zapata attempted to break the hacienda system, which was very similar to the feudal system. When Emiliano realized he would not be able to accomplish this task he and his brother, Eufemio, organized a powerful guerrilla force of poor peasants.

This force became known as the Zapatistas and soon grew to contain over 5,000 men. In northern Mexico two more revolutionary forces was formed.

The first was led by Francisco "Pancho" Villa originally named Doroteo Arangoan ex- bandit, who organized Mexico's cowboys into a powerful army. The other army was led by Pascual Orozco, another peasant who was discontented with the political and economic situation in Mexico. Once Zapata secured the town he cut off the road to Mexico City. A week later Diaz a history of the mexican revolution led by porfirio diaz he was doomed and fled Mexico for Europe. In his wake he left a provisional President and a large federal army that was commanded by General Victoriano Huerta.

He then rode to Mexico City where he met Madero, who the revolutionaries declared President. This victory, however, was only the beginning of the conflict that would arise in Mexico. The Rise of Victoriano Huerta Madero's leadership came to end quickly. The first mistake Madero made during the early days of his presidency was alienating the revolutionaries, or the Constitutionalists as they would later come to be known.

Mexican Revolution

During their first meeting, Zapata, who wanted to disband the haciendas, attempted to convince Madero to divide the lands among the nation's farmers. Madero, always the moderate, attempted to buy Zapata's complacence with a large piece of land and a hacienda of his own. This offer only succeeded in turning Zapata against him. In fact, every aspect of Madero's agenda was an attempt to please everyone, which translated into complete inaction.

  1. He was killed just outside of Mexico City on May, 21, 1920.
  2. Orozco, initially a supporter of Madero, was also dissatisfied with the slow pace of reform under the new government and led a revolutionary movement in the north.
  3. The people of Mexico were inspired and by the time 1910 came around Madero hada very good chance of becoming President of Mexico.

This inaction caused the activist revolutionaries in the North, Villa and Orozco, to abandon Madero along with Zapata. Madero's troubles didn't end there either. The leader of the conservative federal army, Huerta, and a small opposing faction led by Porfirio Diaz's nephew, Felix Diaz, fought for ten days in Mexico City.

The position of the United States at this time was that Madero was associated too closely with the "savage revolutionaries". During the meeting, the three signed a document called "The Pact of the Embassy" which outlined a plan to stage a coup and install Huerta as the new President of Mexico.

A few days later, Huerta revolted against Madero, who's only defense was the army of ally General Felipe Angeles. In the process hundreds of civilians were brutally slaughtered, and Madero's brother, Gustavo, had his one working eye cut out just before being bayoneted to death. To ensure the coup's success the US had deployed warships and troops on the coast.

Madero, vice-president, Pino Suarez, and Angeles were arrested.

On the night of February 22, 1913, Madero and Pino Suarez were shot to death behind the prison while allegedly "trying to escape".

Angeles was later set free. The Fall Of Huerta Immediately after Huerta came into power the amount of revolutionary violence skyrocketed. Huerta was hated because of his drunkenness and tyrannical rule. Three major forces rose up in the north. In the south Zapata continued fighting. All through 1913 and early 1914 Huerta and his army suffered defeat after defeat.

Huerta, realizing he was defeated, was forced to flee. Villas forces pushed south, forcing Carranza to flee to Mexico. In turn, Zapata made the boldest move of all. On November 14, 1914 the Zapatistas took Mexico City.

The fighting continued until Villa, Zapata and Obregon, realizing order would be impossible without peace, set up a council to solve the problem. Their solution was installing Eulalio Guitierrez as interim a history of the mexican revolution led by porfirio diaz. With this, Zapata agreed to withdraw from Mexico City. Although peace was momentarily achieved, the revolutionaries quickly broke up into alliances.

In April, 1915 the forces of Obregon and Villa converged in a battle at the town of Celaya. Obregon emerged victorious and Villa lost some of his power. Infuriated, Villa rode into the town of Columbus, New Mexico where he killed eighteen people. Pershing into the Mexican hills. Pershing never even caught a glimpse of Villa, however. Immediately after Carranza assumed the Presidency a period of disorder and near anarchy ensued, as revolutionaries under Villa fought Carranza.

Violence and bloodshed were frequent. Carranza also dispatched a force and retook the state of Morelos in December in 1915, an important loss to the Zapatista forces in the south. They realized that Mexico could not achieve peace if the feud between Villa and Carranza continued. In early 1917 Zapata responded by retaking Morelos. In an effort to restore peace and order, a Constitution was drafted by Carranza in 1917. This Constitution is functionally the same Constitution that governs modern day Mexico.

Unfortunately, the Constitution granted dictatorial authority to the President. Despite this shortcoming, it was a landmark document in that it enabled the state to confiscate and redistribute land from the wealthy landowners. This necessity was greatly hastened when Carranza defeated Zapata once more, and took back Morelos. In April of 1919 Zapata appeared to receive a stroke of luck. On April, 10, 1919 Zapata went to visit the defecting general. Only after he arrived did Zapata realize that the meeting was an ambush.

  • In April, 1915 the forces of Obregon and Villa converged in a battle at the town of Celaya;
  • A successful general in the Mexican revolution 1910-17 , he rose 1920 against Pres;
  • Orozco, initially a supporter of Madero, was also dissatisfied with the slow pace of reform under the new government and led a revolutionary movement in the north.

Zapata was shot and killed moments after he arrived at the supposed meeting. The Fall of Carranza and the Rise of Obregon Although Carranza had just published a constitution that was fairly beneficial for the Mexican masses he became hated for murdering Zapata. In 1920 he tried to break up railroad strike in Sonora.

  1. The revolution was not only essential to the evolution of human rights and democracy and Mexico, but was also significant as it was one of the first successful third world revolutions.
  2. Until Elections could be held. This revolution is perhaps one of the most important revolutions that has taken place in recent history because it was not a revolution led by factions battling for governmental control, or the bourgeoisie thinkers developing new ideas.
  3. In his wake he left a provisional President and a large federal army that was commanded by General Victoriano Huerta.
  4. The young leader of this faction was Emiliano Zapata.
  5. Villas forces pushed south, forcing Carranza to flee to Mexico.

Realizing his political career was spiraling, Carranza attempted to flee Mexico. He was killed just outside of Mexico City on May, 21, 1920. A politician by the name of Adolfo de la Huerta was installed as interim President. Until Elections could be held. When elections finally took place in November, Alvaro Obragon won by a landslide. Although sporadic violence continued for the most part peace was achieved. Mexico and the Future Although the Mexican Revolution was an important historical as well as ideological victory for Mexico, the revolution is far from over.

As you read this a group of Zapatista farmers in the state of Chiapas is fighting for their lands and their survival.

Mexican Revolution

Thus the Revolution of 1910-1920 perhaps one of the most influential and prolific revolutions in history. In 1876 he lost the presidential election, revolted, and seized power. He promoted prosperity by encouraging foreign investments. Diaz fled and died in exile. Revolts broke out, and Gen. He was killed while allegedly attempting to escape.

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As commander of federal forces he overthrew Pres. Numerous revolts forced him to resign 1914 as president and to flee into exile. A bandit in N Mexico, he joined l910 the rebels and fought vigorously for Pres. After Villa's men killed 1916 some American citizens at Columbus, N.