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Important dates in the history of professional basketball

James Naismith Invention of the game The game of basketball as it is known today was created by Dr. James Naismith in December 1891 in Springfield, Massachusetts, to condition young athletes during cold months. It consisted of peach baskets and a soccer style ball. He published 13 rules for the new game. He divided his class of eighteen into two teams of nine players each and set about to teach them the basics of his new game.

The objective of the game was to throw the basketball into the fruit baskets nailed to the lower railing of the gym balcony. Every time a point was scored, the game was halted so the janitor could bring out a ladder and retrieve the ball. After a while, the bottoms of the fruit baskets were removed. The first public basketball game was played in Springfield, Massachusetts, on March 11, 1892. The ball may be thrown in any direction with one or both hands. The ball may be batted in any direction with one or both hands.

A player cannot run with the ball, the player must throw it from the spot on which he catches it, allowance to be made for a man who catches the ball when running at good speed. The ball must be held in or between the hands, the arms or body must not be used for holding it.

  1. Salary Cap Introduced In 1983, the league and the player's union signed a new collective bargaining agreement.
  2. The first public basketball game was played in Springfield, Massachusetts, on March 11, 1892.
  3. Still, despite the arguments made for either side in the debate over who was better, these two players, different as night and day, helped put the NBA on the map, popularizing the sport to levels it hadn't even approached before they came along. With the retirement of Bob Cousy, a legendary white Celtic player, in the 1962-1963 season, and the retirement of legendary coach Red Auerbach who won a then-record nine titles with Boston , the only big NBA stars who were white were Jerry Lucas and Jerry West.

No shouldering, holding, pushing, tripping or striking in any way the person of an opponent shall be allowed. The first infringement of this rule by any person shall count as a foul, the second shall disqualify him until the next goal is made, or if there was evident intent to injure the person, for the whole of the game, no substitute.

A foul is striking the ball with the fist, violation of rules 3 and 4, and such as described in rule 5. If either side makes three consecutive fouls it shall count a goal for opponents. A goal shall be made when the ball is thrown or batted from grounds into the basket and stays there.

If the ball rests on the edge and the opponent moves the basket it shall count as a goal. When the ball goes out of bounds it shall be thrown into the field and played by the person first touching it. In case of a dispute, the umpire shall throw it straight into the field. The "thrower-in" is allowed five seconds. If he holds it longer it shall go to the opponent. If any side persists in delaying the game, the umpire shall call a foul on them. The umpire shall be the judge of the men and shall note the fouls, and notify the referee when three consecutive fouls have been made.

The History of Basketball

The referee shall be the judge of the ball and shall decide when the ball is in play, in-bounds, and to which side it belongs, and shall keep the time.

He shall decide when a goal has been made and keep account of the goals with any other duties that are usually performed by a referee. The time shall be fifteen-minute halves, with five-minute rests between. The side making the most goals in that time shall be declared the winner. In the case of a draw, the game may, by agreement of the captains, be continued until another goal is made.

Springfield College On December 21, 1891, James Naismith published rules for a new game using five basic ideas and thirteen rules. Someone proposed to call it "Naismith Game", but he suggested "We have a ball and a basket: The peach baskets were closed, and balls had to be retrieved manually, until a small hole was put in the bottom of the peach basket to poke the ball out using a stick. Only in 1906 were metal hoops, nets and backboards introduced.

History of basketball

Moreover, earlier the soccer ball was replaced by a Spalding ball, similar to the one used today. Army started fighting in Europe in 1917. Together with the troops, there were hundreds of physical education teachers who knew basketball. The league was abandoned in 1904. The Celtics became the strongest team, and their successes lasted from 1922 until 1928, when the team disbanded due to ownership problems. The Original Celtics are sometimes incorrectly thought of as forebears of the current Boston Celtics of the NBA ; in reality, they share only a name, as today's Celtics were not founded until 1946, nearly two decades after the demise of the Original Celtics.

In 1922, the first all-African American professional team was founded: The team disbanded in 1949. In the 1920s and 1930s, Eastern Basket Ball League founded in 1909[17] Metropolitan Basketball League founded in 1921 [18] and American Basketball League founded in 1925 [19] were the most important leagues.

Basketball in American colleges See also: The first known U. By 1897 the U. First international games After its arrival in Europe, basketball developed very quickly. In 1909 the first international match important dates in the history of professional basketball held in Saint Petersburg: Basketball soon became popular among French and Italians. The Italian team had a white shirt with the House of Savoy shield and the players were: The first Olympic title was won by the U.

Canada was runner-up; the games were played on an outdoor clay court. The first World Championship was held in Argentina in 1950. As of the early 21st century, the NBA is the most significant professional basketball league in the world in terms of popularity, salaries, talent, and level of competition. The ABA offered an alternative ethos and game style as well as some changes in the rules.

Julius Erving was the leading player in the league, and helped launch a modern style of play that emphasizes leaping and play above the rim. His playing strength helped legitimize the American Basketball Association.

The league emphasized excitement and liveliness, be it in the color of the ball red, white and bluethe manner of play, wild promotions, or the three-point shot. National recognition and earnings were low, leading the league to look for a way out of its problems. Merger with the more established and very successful NBA was seen as a solution. African Americans in basketball This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Christopher Club of New York City were established as the first fully organized independent all-black basketball teams in 1906. These teams were amateur. In 1922 the Commonwealth Five, the first all-black professional team was founded.

The New York Renaissance was founded in 1923. The all-white National Basketball League began to racially integrate in 1942 with 10 black players joining two teams, the Toledo Jim White Chevrolets, and the Chicago Studebakers.

The NBA integrated in 1950—51 seasons, just two years after its founding, with three black players each achieving a separate milestone in that process. In the draft held immediately prior to that season, Chuck Cooper became the first black player drafted important dates in the history of professional basketball an NBA team. Finally, Earl Lloyd became the first black player to appear in an NBA game as his team started its season before either Cooper's or Clifton's.

After the integration of the NBA, the Harlem Globetrotters started to focus on international touring and exhibition performances, including comic routines. These tours helped to popularize basketball internationally, and gave the Globetrotters the reputation as Basketball's goodwill ambassadors.

A large part of this is due to the transcendent stars that have played the game through the years. It was because of the play of Michael Jordan that basketball started to reach international audiences, especially on the 1992 United States men's Olympic basketball teamknown as the Dream Team. After his final championship and second retirement in 1998, there was a void as in who would be the face of basketball.

Soon after with the help of Shaquille O'NealKobe Bryant would go on to win three straight championships from 2000—2002 with the Los Angeles Lakers, helping make basketball more popular in many places around the world, most noticeably China. Further championships in 2009 and 2010 helped raise his popularity.

He would have played in 20 seasons by then. He was taken as the first overall pick in the 2003 NBA Draft by the Cleveland Cavaliersand has worked his way to become the face of the NBA and basketball around the world. He left the Cavaliers in 2010 to join the Miami Heat along with fellow stars Dwyane Wade and Chris Bosh in what become known as the controversial decision, [35] winning back-to-back championships in 2012 and 2013 before returning to the Cavaliers in 2014 where he won a third championship in 2016.

He joined the Los Angeles Lakers on July 1, 2018.

  • This team were known as the grave digger Jan 1, 1916 Not Dribbling and Shooting to Dribbling and Shooting In Naismith's original 13 rules, the ball could be batted in any direction with one or both hands, but it could not be dribbled because players could not move with the ball;
  • Russell, drafted third overall by St;
  • These methods were turning away fans.

The most noticeable would be Yao Ming. He was the first ever Chinese player to be selected with the number one overall pick in 2002 by the Houston Rockets. His play and presence in the NBA brought attention to basketball in Asian countries.

Basketball Origins, Growth and History of the Game

The style of basketball has evolved over time as well. Basketball, especially in the 90's and 2000's, used to give importance to big men. Games were slow-paced and very defense-oriented. Now because of teams like the San Antonio Spurs and the Golden State Warriorsball movement and team play is more common.

The game has slowly moved away from this type of play. The game now is up-tempo and teams are starting to involve a lot more three point shooting in their offenses.

Significant moments in basketball history

Stephen Curry of the Golden State Warriors has been a trendsetter with his shooting abilities. In a way he has popularized and re-energized the notion of shooting among the youth.